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Related to none: Noni


not one; not any: None of them attended the event.; nothing: She looked for a reason but found none.; to no extent; no way
Not to be confused with:
no one – nobody: No one understands the problem.
nun – a woman of a religious order: My teacher in Catholic school was a nun.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree


1. No one; not one; nobody: None dared to do it.
2. Not any: None of my classmates survived the war.
3. No part; not any: none of your business.
1. Not at all: He is none too ill.
2. In no way: The jeans looked none the better for having been washed.

[Middle English, from Old English nān : ne, no, not; see ne in Indo-European roots + ān, one; see oi-no- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: It is widely asserted that none is equivalent to no one, and hence requires a singular verb and singular pronoun: None of the prisoners was given his soup. It is true that none is etymologically derived from the Old English word ān, "one," but the word has been used as both a singular and a plural since the ninth century. The plural usage appears in the King James Bible ("All the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold ... none were of silver") as well as the works of canonical writers like Shakespeare, John Dryden, and Edmund Burke. It is widespread in the works of respectable writers today. Of course, the singular usage is perfectly acceptable. Choosing between singular or plural is thus more of a stylistic matter than a grammatical one. Both options are acceptable in this sentence: None of the conspirators has (or have) been brought to trial. When none is modified by almost, however, it is difficult to avoid treating the word as a plural: Almost none of the officials were (not was) interviewed by the committee. None is most often treated as plural in its use in sentences such as None but his most loyal supporters believe (not believes) his story. See Usage Notes at every, neither, nothing.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. not any of a particular class: none of my letters has arrived.
2. no-one; nobody: there was none to tell the tale.
3. no part (of a whole); not any (of): none of it looks edible.
4. none other no other person: none other than the Queen herself.
5. none the (foll by a comparative adjective) in no degree: she was none the worse for her ordeal.
6. none too not very: he was none too pleased with his car.
[Old English nān, literally: not one]
Usage: None is a singular pronoun and should be used with a singular form of a verb: none of the students has (not have) a car


(Ecclesiastical Terms) another word for nones
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. no one; not one: None of the members is going.
2. not any: That is none of your business.
3. no part; nothing: I'll have none of that.
4. (used with a pl. v.) no or not any persons or things: There were two coats on the rack and now there are none.
5. to no extent; not at all: We saw the ceremony none too well.
6. Archaic. not any; no (usu. used only before a vowel or h): none other gods.
[before 900; Middle English non, Old English nān=ne not + ān one]
usage.: Although a traditional rule of usage has been that none must always be treated as singular, this pronoun has been used with both singular and plural verbs since the 9th century. When the sense is “not any persons or things,” the plural is more common: The rescue party searched for survivors, but none were found. When none is clearly intended to mean “not one” or “not any,” it is followed by a singular verb: Of all my court cases, none has been stranger than yours.



[1175–1225; Middle English; Old English nōn < Latin nōna (hōra) ninth (hour)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'none of'

You use none of in front of a plural noun phrase to make a negative statement about all the things or people in a particular group.

None of these suggestions is very helpful.
None of the others looked at her.

You use none of in front of a noun phrase containing an uncountable noun to make a negative statement about every part of something.

None of the furniture was out of place.

You can use none of in front of a singular or plural pronoun.

None of this seems to have affected him.
We had none of these at home.

Don't use 'we' or 'they' after none of. Instead you use us or them.

None of us had written our reports.
None of them had learned anything that day.

When you use none of in front of a plural noun or pronoun, you can use either a plural or singular form of a verb after it. The singular form is more formal.

None of his books have been published in England.
None of them is real.

When you use none of in front of an uncountable noun or a singular pronoun, you use a singular form of a verb after it.

None of the wheat was ruined.
Yet none of this has seriously affected business.
2. used as a pronoun

None can be used on its own as a pronoun.

There were none left.
He asked for some proof. I told him that I had none.

Be Careful!
You don't usually use any other negative word after none of or none. Don't say, for example, 'None of them weren't ready'. Say 'None of them were ready'. Similarly, don't use 'none of' or 'none' as the object of a sentence that already has a negative word in it. Don't say, for example, 'I didn't want none of them'. Say 'I didn't want any of them'.

You only use none of or none to talk about a group of three or more things or people. If you want to talk about two things or people, you use neither of or neither.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.none - a canonical hour that is the ninth hour of the day counting from sunrise
time of day, hour - clock time; "the hour is getting late"
2.none - a service in the Roman Catholic Church formerly read or chanted at 3 PM (the ninth hour counting from sunrise) but now somewhat earlier
divine service, religious service, service - the act of public worship following prescribed rules; "the Sunday service"
Adj.1.none - not any; "thou shalt have none other gods before me"
no - quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of; "we have no bananas"; "no eggs left and no money to buy any"; "have you no decency?"; "did it with no help"; "I'll get you there in no time"
Adv.1.none - not at all or in no way; "seemed none too pleased with his dinner"; "shirt looked none the worse for having been slept in"; "none too prosperous"; "the passage is none too clear"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. not any, nothing, zero, not one, zip (U.S. slang), nil, no part, not a bit, zilch (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), bugger all (slang), fuck all (Brit. taboo slang), diddly (U.S. slang), sweet Fanny Adams (Brit. slang), f.a. (Brit. slang), sweet F.A. (Brit. slang) I turned to bookshops and libraries seeking information and found none.
2. no-one, nobody, not one None of us knew what to say to her.
none the not at all, by no means, not a bit, not the slightest bit His lengthy explanation left us none the wiser.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


No person:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
أبَداًلا أحَد، لا شَيءلَا شَيّءَ
žádnýnikdoo nic
ei yksikään
enginn, ekki neinnsíst, alls ekki
아무도 ... 않다
nekādsnekasnemaz, nepavisamneviens
hiçhiç birhiç dehiç kimsehiçbir şekilde
không ai


1. (= person) → nadie, ninguno; (= thing) → nada, ninguno
none of themninguno de ellos
none of you can tell meninguno de vosotros sabe decirme
we have none of your booksno tenemos ninguno de tus libros or ningún libro tuyo
none of this is truenada de esto es verdad
"any news?" - "none!"-¿alguna noticia? -¡nada! or ¡ninguna!, -¿se sabe algo? -¡nada!
there are none leftno queda ninguno
I want none of your lectures!¡no quiero que me sermonees!
we'll have none of that!¡vale ya!
he would have none of it, he insisted on payingno hubo forma de convencerlo, insistió en pagar
everyone wanted her to win, none more so than Itodos querían que ganara, y yo más que nadie
it was none other than the bishopfue el obispo mismo
2. (liter) none can tellnadie lo sabe
none but he knows of thissólo lo sabe él
riches have I noneriqueza no la tengo
reply came there noneno hubo respuesta
B. ADV I was none too comfortableno me sentía nada cómodo
he did none too well in his examslos exámenes no le fueron nada bien
it was none too soonya era hora
it's none the worse for thatno es peor por eso
see also wise A1
see also worse A
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈnʌn] pronaucun(e)
"How many sisters have you got?" - "None." → "Tu as combien deurs?" - "Aucune."
"What sports do you do?" - "None." → "Qu'est-ce que tu fais comme sport?" - "Je n'en fais aucun."
to have none
I have none → Je n'en ai pas.
none of → aucun(e) de
None of my friends wanted to come → Aucun de mes amis n'a voulu venir.
none of you → aucun(e) d'entre vous
none of us → aucun(e) d'entre nous
none of them → aucun(e) d'entre eux
none left
I have none left → Je n'en ai plus.
There's none left → Il n'y en a plus.
There are none left → Il n'y en a plus.
none at all (= not one) → aucun(e)
"Did you have any problems?" - "None at all." → "Avez-vous eu des problèmes?" - "Non, aucun."
"How much coffee is left?" - "None at all." → "Combien reste-t-il de café?" - "Il n'en reste plus du tout."
having none of it
She was having none of it → Elle ne voulait rien savoir.
none other than ...
It was none other than Jim Murdoch → C'était Jim Murdoch en personne.
to be none too ... about sth
He was none too pleased about it → Ça ne l'a guère enchanté.
Investors are none too optimistic about the company's prospects → Les investisseurs ne sont guère optimistes quant à l'avenir de la société.
He was none too thrilled to see me at his door → Ça ne l'a guère enchanté de me voir arriver chez lui.
none but (formal)seul(e)
He whispered so softly that none but Julie heard him → Il parla si bas que seule Julie l'entendit.
None but God will ever know what I suffered → Dieu seul saura jamais combien j'ai souffert.
to be none the worse
He's none the worse for it → Il ne s'en porte pas plus mal.
He's none the worse for his adventure → Son aventure ne lui a pas fait de mal.
to be none the wiser → ne pas être plus avancé(e)
I was none the wiser → Je n'étais pas plus avancé.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


pronkeine(r, s), keine; (on form) → keine; none of the boys/the chairs/themkeiner der Jungen/Stühle/von ihnen; none of the girlskeines der Mädchen; none of this/the cakenichts davon/von dem Kuchen; none of this is any gooddas ist alles nicht gut; none of this money is minevon dem Geld gehört mir nichts; do you have any bread/apples? — none (at all)haben Sie Brot/Äpfel? — nein, gar keines/keine; there is none leftes ist nichts übrig; money have I none (liter)Geld hab ich keines; none but henur er; their guest was none other than …ihr Gast war kein anderer als …; there is none better than him at climbingniemand kann besser klettern als er; but none of your silly jokesaber lass bitte deine dummen Witze; I want none of your excusesund ich will keine Entschuldigungen hören; (we’ll have) none of that!jetzt reichts aber!; I want none of this/this nonsenseich will davon/von diesem Unsinn nichts hören; I’ll have none of your rudeness (inf)ich dulde diese Unhöflichkeit nicht; he would have none of iter wollte davon nichts wissen
adv to be none the wiserum nichts schlauer sein; she looks none the worse for her ordealtrotz allem, was sie durchzustehen hatte, sieht sie gut aus; it’s none too warmes ist nicht or keineswegs zu warm; he was none too happy about iter war darüber gar nicht erfreut; none too sure/easydurchaus nicht sicher/einfach
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. pronnessuno/a, nemmeno uno/a, neanche uno/a
none of them wants to go → nessuno di loro vuole andarci
none of the machines is working → nessuna delle macchine funziona, non c'è neanche una macchina che funzioni
I have none of the books → non ho nessuno dei libri
I have none → non ne ho nemmeno uno
none of this is yours → niente di questo è tuo
none of this money → neanche un centesimo di questi soldi
none of this wine → neanche una goccia di questo vino
I have none left → non ne ho più
any news? - none → ci sono novità? - niente or nessuna
there's none left → non ce n'è più
none of that! → basta!
he would have none of it → non ne ha voluto sapere
none at all (nothing) → proprio niente (not one) → nemmeno uno
our host was none other than the president → il nostro ospite era nientemeno che il presidente
2. adv I was none too comfortablenon ero per niente a mio agio
it's none too warm → non fa molto caldo
and none too soon! → ed era ora!
I like him none the worse for it → non per questo mi piace di meno
he is none the worse for his experience → non sembra aver risentito di quell'esperienza
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(nan) pronoun
not one; not any. `How many tickets have you got?' `None'; She asked me for some sugar but there was none in the house; None of us have/has seen him; None of your cheek! (= Don't be cheeky!).
not at all. He is none the worse for his accident.
none but
only. None but the brave deserve our respect.
ˌnonetheˈless, none the less
nevertheless; in spite of this. He had a headache, but he wanted to come with us nonetheless.

none can be followed by a singular or plural verb: None of the children like(s) the new teacher .
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


لَا شَيّءَ žádný ingen keiner ούτε ένας ninguno ei yksikään aucun nijedan nessuno 誰も・・・ない 아무도 ... 않다 geen ingen żaden nenhum ни один ingen ไม่มีสักสิ่ง hiçbiri không ai 一个也没有
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


pron. nadie, ninguno-a.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
"None escape," said the Beast Folk, glancing furtively at one another.
"Whether the God descend from above Or the man ascend upon high, Whether this maker of tents be Jove Or a younger deity-- I will be no judge between your gods And your godless bickerings, Lictor, drive them hence with rods-- I care for none of these things!
"It is said, my fair lord, that none know his name save only the Lord Chandos, and that he is under vow not to speak it.
In others, none are well known, as in Agathon's Antheus, where incidents and names alike are fictitious, and yet they give none the less pleasure.
The man who held out against the Church vanished away, and none knew whither he had gone or what had befallen him.
Occasionally one more ferocious than his fellows would attempt this latter alternative, but none had come yet who could wrest the palm of victory from the fierce and brutal ape.
He saw him in the trees in greater numbers than he ever had seen Histah before; and once beside a reedy pool he caught a scent that could have belonged to none other than Gimla the crocodile, but upon none of these did the Tarmangani care to feed.
When these five kinds of spy are all at work, none can discover the secret system.
Thy fall, O Oedipus, thy piteous fall Warns me none born of women blest to call.
None know me as I am, Steering to strange adventure.
Their naked feet were torn, and none walked without a limp.
How the principle was set in motion, of course none of us saw; Gagool was careful to avoid this; but I have little doubt that there was some very simple lever, which was moved ever so little by pressure at a secret spot, thereby throwing additional weight on to the hidden counter-balances, and causing the monolith to be lifted from the ground.