Cognitive outcomes were compared for 1,455 children with POE and 2,982 nonexposed
children across three age groups (mean age at cognitive testing, 13 months, 4.5 years, and 13 years for the toddler, preschool, and school-aged groups, respectively).
They also balanced the antipsychotic-exposed and nonexposed
groups for covariates that might be related to the outcome of interest (major congenital malformations), including (but not limited to) calendar year, age, race, smoking history, multiple gestation, indications for antipsychotic use, other maternal morbidity, concomitant medication use, and general markers of illness burden in the 3 months prior to pregnancy.
In the year after the original diagnosis, 56% of the patients exposed to artificial UV radiation (UVR) were diagnosed with a second primary melanoma versus 18% of the nonexposed
subjects, Yang Li of Washington University, St.
The specific diagnosis of those among the nonexposed
group were congenital malformation of corpus callosum (9%; 81/943), holoprosencephaly (24%; 225/943), and septooptic dysplasia (0.6%; 6/943).
After researchers controlled for potential confounding factors, the adjusted risk ratio for cardiac malformations among infants exposed to lithium was 1.65 (95% CI, 1.022.68), compared with nonexposed
Eight groups of 18 animals each were used in this study: WT males exposed, WT males nonexposed
, WT females exposed, WT females nonexposed
, [CAR.sup.-/-] males exposed, [CAR.sup.-/-] males non- exposed, [CAR.sup.-/-] females exposed, and CAR-=- females non-exposed.
Public health responses to mass bat exposures vary by jurisdiction, but all work to ensure risk assessments are performed to ascertain possible rabies virus exposures that might require PEP, while also ensuring that nonexposed
persons do not undergo unnecessary and costly treatment (5).
These procedures include endoscopic band ligation (EBL), endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic mucosal dissection (EMD), endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection (ESTD), submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR), laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS), nonexposed
endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS), and a combination of laparoscopic and endoscopic approaches to neoplasia with a nonexposed
A study by Wagh and his colleagues on the influence of flour dust on flour mill workers compared to the nonexposed
controls found that flour mill workers had three times shortness of breath and developed four times frequent coughing compared to controls 
The significant difference observed between the neonatal-exposed subjects and the nonexposed
group (Figure 3; Table 1) is the overall increase in c-fos-labeled activity.
If the purpose is to compare two biological conditions (exposed to Cr(VI) versus nonexposed
plants), statistical tools can be used for detecting fold changes of individual signals under established statistical significance criterion.