Three months after Barnard's arrival, Philadelphia merchants formed a nonimportation
agreement in response to the Townsend Acts.
She describes the expansion of the English commercial empire in the 18th century; the slow rise of tea drinking in the US and the stimulation of demand; the politics of nonimportation
, the Townshend Acts, taxes on tea, and the impact of luxury consumption; the global dimensions of the American tea crisis that preceded the Boston Tea Party; how Americans repatriated tea during the Revolution; and subsequent American commercial independence and trade with China.
And there should have been no better showcase for these plans than Kentucky, which in 1833 adopted a nonimportation
law that turned off the spigot supplying slaves to Kentucky buyers.
Thus the "material patriotism" expressed by the women who rejected imports and crafted their own goods during the nonimportation
and nonconsumption campaigns of the 1760s and 1770s produced a short-lived moment of possibility for female consumer citizenship due to the tension between masculine republicanism and feminized luxury.
It begins with an examination of British mercantilism before the Revolution, then turns to the nonimportation
protests of the 1760s and what Peskin refers to as "The Ambiguous Revolutionary Legacy" (56).
However, in the October 1770 elections, because of the fight over nonimportation
, Philadelphia mechanics and carpenters (primarily for their own self-interest and not for partisan religious reasons) abandoned the Quaker party for the Presbyterian party.
(12) Resistance to the Stamp Act and other Parliamentary measures, subscription to nonimportation
agreements, and the move for independence would all require a certain amount of sacrifice.
Although the ban on slave capture, the 1774 Nonimportation
Act, and the 1784 Gradual Abolition Act together virtually choked off the creation of new slaves, they did not prohibit the creation of new slaves entirely.
Characterized in this way, the years from 1767 through 1770 were a period of clarification in which colonists concerned about the potential loss of liberty sought to explain to themselves what was at stake, and to make those explanations the basis of a nonimportation
who opposed the nonimportation
movement, were the precursors of the
The Massachusetts legislature passed resolutions supporting the boycott and urged other colonial assemblies to join the "nonimportation
economy.(98) Replacement of the embargo by the Nonimportation
Law (which forbade trade with Britain and France only, opening it to others) and other related measures also failed to gain concessions, while at the same time severely curtailing the profits that had been raked in by U.S.