The proportion of tolerant chironomids and noninsect
individuals (oligochaetes) increased at degraded sites and were dominating in organically polluted sites (Masese et al.
hosts of chironomids include snails (Mancini, 1979; White et al.
Over decades, DDT has been associated with effects, as have countless other chemicals, on a number of noninsect
biological systems, including humans (Eskenazi et al.
Although the handbook focuses on insect pests of small grains, noninsect
pests, such as mites, are also covered.
religiosa may be one of many insect and noninsect
species able to generate a variable and broadband defensive acoustic signal (which may be an honest warning of danger in some taxa, while a bluff in others), the spectral composition of which ensures perception by several phylogenetically disparate predators (Masters 1980).
Despite this original association with biting flies, most cases in the United States are attributed to noninsect
exposures, especially tick bites and contact with infected animal tissues (2,3).
Further, the anthers selected were from the lowest portion of the staminal column, and were the least likely to contribute to natural, noninsect
aided pollen deposition on the stigma, because of their geographical distance from the receptive stigma.
In cabbage looper and corn earworm cells, the scientists found that genes like those known to be involved in repair of DNA damage in noninsect
organisms may be operative, say McIntosh and Grasela.
Thus, we have started to study the expression patterns of genes that regulate insect wing development in noninsect
arthropods and primitive wingless insects.
Certain of the noninsect
Arthropoda are important as plant pests, especially the mites, but the plant pests that represent the greatest numbers and do the greatest amount of economic damage are the true insects.
Given that close relatives of male-killing bacteria are found in noninsect
Insect orders as follows: D = Diptera, E = Ephemeroptera, NI = Noninsect
, O = Odonata, P = Plecoptera, and T = Trichoptera.