where a nonliable
party makes a payment, that party lacks both a right
Then, determine the expenses shared by both the liable and nonliable
(6) Conversely, equitable relief is sought in situations where money is insufficient to right the wrong suffered by the nonliable
2009), which explained that "the absence of a duty of care renders the defendant nonliable
as a matter of law because his, or her or its actions are ...
When it comes to actively causing harm to the nonliable
or nonthreatening, the appeal to cost seems to operate (if at all) at the level of culpability, but not at the level of justification.
In the contexts where these tests apply, there are two ways a decision can be wrong: (1) a party can be found liable when in fact they are not (a "Type I Error") or (2) a party can be found nonliable
when in fact they are (a "Type II Error").
* The calculation of a taxpayer's future ability to pay when living expenses are shared with a nonliable
There seems, moreover, to be no reason to discount the weight of these harms relative to that of harms to other innocent or nonliable
people that U.S.
Other jurisdictions permit one spouse's creditors to attach the other spouse's interest in TE property, subject to the nonliable
The problem with the latter two forms of co-ownership is that a creditor of a joint tenant or tenant in common can institute a partition action (a court-sponsored auction of the property), which could result in a nonliable
co-owner being involuntarily divested of the property interest.