We conducted a single-factor (type of expression: conventional metaphor, novel metaphor, nonmetaphorical
expression) between-subjects experiment with text perception (cognitive, affective) and issue viewpoint as dependent variables and perceived novelty and perceived aptness of the metaphors as control variables.
Lose sleep only if she is reading these books to lead a revolution against the commercial social order or to make actual, nonmetaphorical
war in a program of populism of the left or right.
1) Furthermore, it appears that PPA is central not just to the proposed pragmatic analysis of metaphor, but also to the wider contextualist project in the philosophy of language, which posits the same pragmatic processes of sense extension to explain seemingly nonmetaphorical
metaphorical words should be replaced with other, nonmetaphorical
, words of the target language.
Morris explains that he turned to Kubler's terminology because it offers a system of largely nonmetaphorical
terms through which to account for "a coherent pattern in the development as well as the morphology of related forms.
Such a charitable interpretation of metaphors can help to explain the puzzle expressed by Tzvi Novick: The metaphorical use of an economic term can be used (or borrowed) in such a way so as to convey a positive quality to an act, whereas the term in its nonmetaphorical
state would be construed negatively.
I intentionally avoid nonsymbolic or nonmetaphorical
uses, such as sundial, sunstroke, solar oven, and so on, as well as similes, as in Shakespeare: "Love comforteth like sunshine after rain.
literality, or directly meaningful language, in which one word (or concept) is never understood in terms of a second word (or concept).
As the story proceeds, the tenuous bond between the mother and son is slowly unravelled; as are issues such as the friction between tradition and modernity, migration, bonds of blood, and at a nonmetaphorical
level, animal rights too.
He's got a lot of poems in his pockets - slam poem odes to air guitar heroes, love poems written to enemies, wicked sonnets that compare the weakness of the pen with the efficiency of the nonmetaphorical
Relying on these findings, simulation semantics "gives a primary role to embodied simulations in drawing inferences from various metaphorical and nonmetaphorical
language" (see Gibbs-Perlman 2006: 218, and the literature cited therein).
305) but also by numerous nonmetaphorical
arguments and actions, including quarantine measures, questions about the physical health and cleanliness of Jews in eastern territories, a belief that the Jew's essence could be transmitted to non-Jews and could easily contaminate the Aryan gene pool, and the victimization of those who assisted or even communicated with Jews.