When we do not at all understand the cause of an action, whether a crime, a good action, or even one that is simply nonmoral
, we ascribe a greater amount of freedom to it.
extramoral or nonmoral
professional duties to act on behalf of their
For an obligation to count as genuinely moral, however, the relationship, the commander, and the commands themselves must be judged excellent according to independently established moral and nonmoral
value criteria (244-45).
Or we can allow bureaucrats and administrators and employers and stockholders to make these decisions for us on whatever grounds they choose, moral or nonmoral
. There is nothing wise or virtuous in the healthy segregating themselves from the ill.
It makes "good," "right" and "ought" contribute in the same way to the meaning of the multiple judgments, both moral and nonmoral
, in which they occur.
Despite both its popular appeal and its still influential Kantian deployment, the golden rule is often criticized on the grounds that it promotes only a minimalist morality of formal consistency, and that it involves an illicit move from nonmoral
considerations about how one wishes to be treated to a moral rule about how one ought to be treated and so ought to treat others.
Prolife wants detailed (perhaps moral) material on gestation included in the counseling package on the ground that any complete description of abortion must include such facts, while prochoice wants only minimal (perhaps nonmoral
) data provided to women on the assumption that the woman deciding whether to have an abortion assigns moral features to the act.
The assertion of basic communal identities, they claim, is a "distinctively postmodern rejection of the enforced homogeneity of mass institutions and the nonmoral
rationalism of modern secularism suggested by the agents of modernity and feared in the old classics such as 1984, by George Orwell.
This lack of intellectual seriousness is also evident when Morone urges us to stop "moralizing" about divorce and unwed childbearing and to focus instead on "real solutions" that are "likely to create strong two-parent families." And what are these "real" (i.e., nonmoral
If there are radically distinct variants of this concept and if all we can say of the concepts of others is that these do not resemble our own, we must surely abandon any hope of discoveruniversal morality and yet still be beset by unresolvable moral disagreement because it cannot agree about salient nonmoral
facts and because individual judgment is skewed by desire (for example, that my family or nation prosper).
The actor in such sentences and thinking becomes an impersonal, nonmoral
force, which acts on society presumably without human intervention.
For instance, in several places he insists on distinguishing what we think from what we think we think, and, when considering the claim that the distinction between the moral and nonmoral
is important to contemporary thought, he says, "But how far, and in what ways, is this really true of our life, as opposed to what the moralists say about our life?