However, some children spent most of their waking hours in another home cared for by a nonparent
index patient, in which case, the child was defined as a nonhousehold contact.
Among the study's limitations were its cross-sectional nature, use of a convenience sample that may not be generalizable or representative, and lack of data on fathers or nonparent
physicians for comparison.
Of course, in such cases there are less exotic possible causes of the findings, but in these particular instances other reasons were ruled out and the only possible solution was determined to be that the "nonparent
" was generating at least some gametes which were, really, genetically those of a fraternal twin.
Furthermore, they can be enthusiastic, nonparent
volunteers who contribute to a successful after-school gardening program (Scherr et al.
(116) The South Dakota Supreme Court refused to grant him de facto parent status, declaring that only when the natural parent is unfit or guilty of misconduct, or other extraordinary circumstances exist, can a legal parent's custodial rights "be disturbed in favor of a nonparent
." (117) Since the mother was not an unfit parent and no extraordinary circumstances existed, Donald was not able to present evidence of his parental bond with the child and describe the impact their separation might have on the child.
In common law, there was never a legal right to nonparent
visitation, and Florida has clung to that tradition.
Conflict resolution styles in gay, lesbian, heterosexual nonparent
, and heterosexual parent couples.
. (1) The case originated in the Twenty Fourth Judicial
A parent can lose out, the court reasoned, on the absolute nature of parental rights, not only by demonstrating unfitness but also through a "voluntary grant of nonparent
custody." (115) Melissa "intentionally and voluntarily created a family unit in which [Julia] was intended to act--and acted--as a parent," with "no expectation that this family unit was only temporary." (116) She thus "acted inconsistently with her paramount parental status," and was entitled to no special preference in a custody dispute with Julia.
For my 10- and 11-year-old cabinmates and me, he could do little wrong--he was a paragon of a nonparent
, adult mentor.
Legal Approaches and History of Nonparent
participants were undergraduate and graduate university students (20 men and 36 women, mean age = 21.29 years, SD = 2.31, and range 18-31).