Moreover, Augustine does not attack social or political inequality per se, but rather the "pertinence of the distinction between the few and the many, the philosopher and nonphilosopher
, which is so central to Greek philosophy." Without succumbing to egalitarianism or humanitarianism, Christianity offers the same salutary truth to all men, siding neither with the egalitarianism of the moderns nor with the "elitism" of the ancients.
While honored, though, I do want to remind the nonphilosopher
reader that EoM is not a philosophy book, it's a psychology book, aimed at troubled, as well as curious, readers.
The philosopher must become nonphilosopher
so that nonphilosophy becomes the earth and people of philosophy" (What is Philosophy?
(57.) As Deleuze and Guattari say in What is Philosophy?, 'The philosopher must become nonphilosopher
so that nonphilosophy becomes the earth and people of philosophy' (p.
Guattari is a 'nonphilosopher
' (Tomlinson and Burchell 1994; viii).
The Enlightenment moved early modern philosophy further away from classical thought by, in effect, eliminating the distinction between the philosopher and the nonphilosopher
. Modern mass democracy is the child of these early modern tendencies under the influence of modern liberalism.
Overall the text has proven very popular with this reviewer's postgraduate students, not the least because it is up to date, well researched, and importantly, accessible to the nonphilosopher
. Sternberg's Just Business: Business Ethics in Action (1994) makes a lively and thought provoking case against the view that business has any social responsibility, and it also contains a chapter on personnel management.
90 But here the following distinction should apply: though God appears in a superior way through philosophical thinking, a nonphilosopher
(like Jesus) can surpass the philosopher in moral behavior.
To see the problem, pretend that we are having a casual conversation about the French Riviera, when Stella, a nonphilosopher
who likes to drop names, says to us,
We might also consider that the narrative is a way of making the aim accessible and desirable to the nonphilosopher
However, in his middle chapters, Kastely draws a strong contrast between dialectic--disinterested reason practiced only by the philosopher--and rhetoric, which engages emotions and uses images only to persuade the nonphilosopher
. By restricting philosophy to dialectical and nonimagistic reason, and naming the philosopher as rational and his audience not, Kastely can argue that the images of the middle book are rhetorical and not philosophical.
The treatment of war, it should be said, is embedded in a philosophical discussion, some of which - though it is jargon-free and accessible to the diligent nonphilosopher
- will likely be of interest primarily to the philosophically inclined.