Despite these conditions, bivalves were found to ingest some bacteria (Synechococcus and eukaryotic algae; Chesson's alpha = 0.5 and 0.3, respectively) preferentially over others (Prochlorococcus and nonphotosynthetic
bacteria; Chesson's alpha = 0.2 and 0, respectively).
Nutrients accumulated in nonphotosynthetic
parts (stem and roots) form the retention component while those accumulated in leaves return to the ecosystem through litter fall.
This mycoheterotrophic, nonphotosynthetic
, achlorophyllous plant acquires carbon from the roots of autotrophic trees through monotropoid mycorrhizal symbiosis [2, 3].
At present, hyperspectral remote sensing has made progress in monitoring vegetation pigment contents, and some hyperspectral chlorophyll indices have been proposed by maximizing the reflection information of vegetation and minimizing the influence of external factors (e.g., aerosol, soil background, and nonphotosynthetic
These spectra of Urban are characterized by 499 roofs, 179 roads, 66 sidewalks, 56 parking lots, 40 road paints, 37 types of vegetation, 47 types of nonphotosynthetic
vegetation, 88 bare soil and beach spectra, 27 acquired from tennis courts, and 50 more from miscellaneous surfaces.
Interestingly, singlet oxygen is now recognized as an important signaling molecule in plant cells, as a result not only of its photodynamic formation in chloroplasts but also by dark reactions in nonphotosynthetic
cells, even in roots, in response to wounding and other stresses .
* Groundcovcr: total vegetation cover (photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic
Using computer simulations, the researchers found that if organisms with nonphotosynthetic
pigments -- those that process light for tasks other than energy production -- cover enough of a distant planet's surface, their spectral signal could be strong enough to be detected by powerful future telescopes now being designed.
Purifying selection detected in the plastid gene mat K and fanking ribozyme regions within a Group II intron of nonphotosynthetic
Two types of nonphotosynthetic
bacteria could grow in seawater when the researchers fed them with Prochlorococcus vesicles as their only source of carbon.
With the exception of Cryptosporidium spp., these parasites possess apicoplast, a nonphotosynthetic
The obligate parasites which require a host for maturation; hemi parasites which contain chlorophyll when mature (hence are photosynthetic) and obtain water, with its dissolved nutrients, by connecting to the host xylem via the haustorium, they can be grown to maturity without hosts.; holoparasites which lack chlorophyll (and are thus nonphotosynthetic
) and must rely totally on the contents of the host xylem and phloem.