The ultrasonic wire mesh embedding printing method developed by UTEP researchers combines FDM and ultrasonic thermal embedding to employ wires and wire meshes into the printed thermoplastic surfaces, which enables nonplanar
printed circuit boards and antennas [28, 50].
[D.sub.CT](e) 0.042 [L.sub.B]([Angstrom]) 1.48 [theta]([degrees]) 33.81 [[delta].sub.D] ([Angstrom]) 0.059 After an optimization procedure, the optimized dihedral angle ([theta]) reaches the value of about 33.8[degrees], suggesting that strong steric hindrance effect takes place between donor and acceptor moieties, to adopt a nonplanar
configuration as it is mentioned in Fig.
LPD is especially useful in coating not only flat substrates but also nonplanar
Biochemical markers for differentiation of exposures to nonplanar
polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides, or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in trout liver.
The conventional way to improve the microstrip antenna's bandwidth is to increase its thickness substantially or to use either planar or nonplanar
stacked parasitic elements.
A number of planar and nonplanar
filter-antenna designs have been proposed recently.
And another advantage of transfer printing is that it can be applied to nonplanar
In a study on vibration welding of nonplanar
geometries (weld angles different from 0[degrees]) welded with vibration axis oriented in different angles with respect to part axis (a vibration angle of 0[degrees] implying a longitudinal weld, and 90[degrees] implying a transverse weld) (45), (46), it was observed that increasing the vibration angle typically resulted in reduction of weld strength; this was attributed to increased convective cooling in case of transverse vibration welding.
Most studies performed on the effects of PCBs used Aroclor, technical mixtures of PCBs containing planar and nonplanar
The contactor comes very close to achieving the same level of transparency as a simple PC board trace, but with a far greater operating life, a wiping action to remove contaminants and a compliant structure that allows DUT measurements with nonplanar
Finally, among the nonplanar
NFF arrays, it is worth mentioning the linear array of four Yagi-Uda antennas shown in  for wireless power charging of devices at distances of the order of 1 m from the transmitting antenna.
By growing InAs QDs on a nonplanar
surface, the nucleation positions of the QDs can be controlled.