"The espionage order for 'Nonruling
Political Parties and Candidates Strategic Election Plans,' which targeted Francois Holland, Marine Le Pen and other opposition figures, requires obtaining opposition parties' strategies for the election," WikiLeaks said in a press release, "information on internal party dynamics and rising leaders; efforts to influence and implement political decisions; support from local government officials, government elites or business elites; views of the United States; efforts to reach out to other countries, including Germany, U.K., Libya, Israel, Palestine, Syria and Cote d'Ivoire [Ivory Coast]; as well as information about party and candidate funding."
As an institution, the oprichnina resembled an appanage, a designated territory with defined personnel and judicial extraterritoriality traditionally assigned to a nonruling
member of the dynasty.
It is not a circulation from a ruling elite to a nonruling
elite, which meets Pareto's definition of a revolution.
Scheiner (2005) acknowledges the importance of the electoral system but highlights another factor: Japan's centralized system of public finance, which greatly weakened the ability of nonruling
parties to compete at the local level, since they had limited access to resources not controlled by the ruling party.
parties, such as the New Komeito party and Your Party, also criticized the government for proposing the appointment.
Insurgency is the struggle between nonruling
and ruling groups, in which political resources and violence are used either to effect change or prevent it.
A struggle between a nonruling
group and the ruling authorities in which the nonruling
group consciously uses political resources (e.g., organizational expertise, propaganda, and demonstrations) and violence to destroy, reformulate, or sustain the basis of legitimacy of one or more aspects of politics.
He was the only one of three nonruling
members of the imperial family to receive an entry in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
Here lies the significance of the SCP and other newly established nonruling
Northerners to amalgamate with SPLM as one secular All-Sudanese national party.
"Egalitarian" means that the nonruling
members shared equally or according to need in the material resources of the commune.
Of course, the High Court's nonruling
is just that: a nonruling
Examples are the integration of the nonruling
bourgeoisie into the administrative elite stratum during the 18th century, the reorganization of state bureaucracy as well as the partial democratization of municipal administration after Prussia's defeat by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806, the several waves of readjustment of county and regional administration during the 19th century, the flexible adaptation to the new political regimes during the 20th century (a more than ambiguous flexibility during the Nazi regime, 1933-1945), and the territorial reform of county and regional administration in the 1970s.