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As an institution, the oprichnina resembled an appanage, a designated territory with defined personnel and judicial extraterritoriality traditionally assigned to a nonruling member of the dynasty.
It is not a circulation from a ruling elite to a nonruling elite, which meets Pareto's definition of a revolution.
Scheiner (2005) acknowledges the importance of the electoral system but highlights another factor: Japan's centralized system of public finance, which greatly weakened the ability of nonruling parties to compete at the local level, since they had limited access to resources not controlled by the ruling party.
Other nonruling parties, such as the New Komeito party and Your Party, also criticized the government for proposing the appointment.
Insurgency is the struggle between nonruling and ruling groups, in which political resources and violence are used either to effect change or prevent it.
A struggle between a nonruling group and the ruling authorities in which the nonruling group consciously uses political resources (e.
He was the only one of three nonruling members of the imperial family to receive an entry in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
Here lies the significance of the SCP and other newly established nonruling Northerners to amalgamate with SPLM as one secular All-Sudanese national party.
Egalitarian" means that the nonruling members shared equally or according to need in the material resources of the commune.
Of course, the High Court's nonruling is just that: a nonruling.
Examples are the integration of the nonruling bourgeoisie into the administrative elite stratum during the 18th century, the reorganization of state bureaucracy as well as the partial democratization of municipal administration after Prussia's defeat by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806, the several waves of readjustment of county and regional administration during the 19th century, the flexible adaptation to the new political regimes during the 20th century (a more than ambiguous flexibility during the Nazi regime, 1933-1945), and the territorial reform of county and regional administration in the 1970s.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the creation of several journals and the appearance of articles and volumes focusing on comparisons of ruling or nonruling communist parties and movements accelerated this disciplinary trend.