When she walked into my class, she was pretty much a nonspeaker
and didn't understand much at all.
The focus of work with languages and Indian communities has changed from the solo fieldworker model of an academically motivated single nonspeaker
linguist working with a language consultant to the benefit of the academic community or the individual researcher's career, to the collaborative model of jointly constructed work with native speakers on goals defined by the community, tribe, school or program.
These are utterances with plural arguments in which the nonspeaker
(for first person) or nonaddressee (for second person) is explicitly mentioned.
Eight-year-old Eric was considered a nonreader and a nonspeaker
Indeed, it seems that all languages encode through their personal-pronoun systems reference to (at least) the speaker, the hearer or addressee, and the nonspeaker
The problem for a nonspeaker
is that this type of communication is crucially dependent on timely intervention into the conversation, and on the richness and detail of what is said.
The play has a lot of Tagalog, which might be difficult for nonspeakers
to comprehend, even with translations projected onstage, but it works.
The "compelling state interest" that justifies this constitutional rule is not simply elimination of the inequity arising from the fact that some union activity redounds to the benefit of "free-riding" nonmembers; private speech often furthers the interests of nonspeakers
, and that does not alone empower the state to compel the speech to be paid for.
It can be searched for Chinese items using English, Pinyin or Chinese characters meaning that both Chinese speakers and nonspeakers
can access the Chinese collection.
The seminar will also focus on the teacher's load, his timetable, his relation with educational supervisors as well as school administrators, the English language curricula and methodologies of instruction for nonspeakers
, English language testing, teaching English for special purposes, and students' motivation for learning English.
The architecture adopted by the JAPE program, however, has a relatively clean modular structure (and formed the basis for a later, larger system, System to Augment Nonspeakers
Dialogue Using Puns (STANDUP) [Manurung et al.
2005, The Perception of Phonological Quantity Based on Durational Cues by Native Speakers, Second-Language Users and Nonspeakers