We did not inspect plots for evidence of grazing as our interest was on the effects of browsing on forest succession; therefore, it is possible that animals were feeding on nonwoody
vegetation in the clearcut during the later sampling periods.
giganteus sheaths in the range (11% to 27%) reported for other nonwoody
biomass and close to the ranges for North American softwoods (24% to 37%) and hardwoods (17% to 30%; Li et al.
The presence of skid trail and the logging gaps creates dense colonization by woody and nonwoody
pioneer tree species.
Modelling below- and above-ground biomass for nonwoody
and woody plants.
They are called "grazers" if feeding on nonwoody
tissues of grasses and broad-leaved plants (the forbes), or "browsers" when feeding on woody shrubs or trees.
Both red-cockaded woodpeckers and gopher tortoises live in open pinelands that are relatively free of thick shrubs and hardwoods, but abundant with grasses and other nonwoody
vegetation on the ground.
So, attending to biological derivation, formulation, chemical description, and purity, phytobiotics comprise a very wide range of substances, and four subclasses in animal feeding may be categorized into (1) herbs (product from flowering, nonwoody
, and nonpersistent plants), (2) botanicals (entire or processed parts of a plant, e.g., root, leaves, and bark), (3) essential oils (hydrodistilled extracts of volatile plant compounds), and (4) oleoresins (extracts based on nonaqueous solvents) .
herbs: small nonwoody
annuals or perennials may be erect tall (<1m), erect shorts, cushion forming and spreading and grasses and sedges;
Depithing, resin impregnation and chemical/thermal treatment of nonwoody
fibers (12), (13) and newer type of adhesives with adequate bonding capability (14-17) can provide composite panels with acceptable properties as required by the industry and users.
plants included marsh buttercup (Ranunculus septentrionalis), blue flag (Iris hexagona), brookweed (Samolus valerandii), marsh purslane (Ludwigia palustris), warty arrowhead (Sagittaria papillosa), stingless nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), large spikerush (Eleocharis macrostachya), turgid sedge (Carex amphibola), and basket grass (Oplismenus hirtellus).
Feeder roots are nonwoody
roots concentrated near the soil surface.
With this technology, nonwoody
vegetation is maintained to retain sediment, stabilize soils and banks, and provide ecosystem habitat.