nucleic acid


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nu·cle·ic acid

 (no͞o-klē′ĭk, -klā′-, nyo͞o-)
n.
Any of a class of large molecules that are polymers of nucleotides and are found in all living organisms and viruses. The principal nucleic acids, DNA and RNA, are the carriers of hereditary information and control the synthesis of proteins.

nucleic acid

(njuːˈkliːɪk; -ˈkleɪ-)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of a group of complex compounds with a high molecular weight that are vital constituents of all living cells. See also RNA, DNA

nu•cle′ic ac′id

(nuˈkli ɪk, -ˈkleɪ-, nyu-)
n.
any of a group of long, linear macromolecules, either DNA or various types of RNA, that carry genetic information directing all cellular functions: composed of linked nucleotides.
[1890–95; nucle (us) + -ic; compare German Nucleïnsäure (1889)]

nu·cle·ic acid

(no͞o-klē′ĭk)
Any of a group of organic compounds found in living cells and viruses that control the hereditary material of a cell or virus by regulating the synthesis of proteins. The two main nucleic acids are DNA and RNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
Translations

nucleic acid

[njuːˌkliːɪkˈæsɪd] Nacído m nucleico

nucleic acid

nu·cle·ic ac·id

n. ácido nucleico.
References in periodicals archive ?
[USPRwire, Wed Aug 07 2019] Nucleic acid array is the nucleic acid technology that uses a large number of nucleic acid samples that are bound to solid substrates such as silicon and glass microscope slides.
Through the license agreement, Teleflex is granted access to Arcis' nucleic acid sample preparation technology.
has entered into an industry-academia-government joint research agreement with six joint research organizations concerning the "nucleic drug discovery research using novel nucleic acid synthesis and delivery technologies" research project represented by KAN.
In conclusion, there is insufficient information about the changes of bacteria nucleic acid bases in rumen fluid of different diets and lactation stages from previous studies.
Nanoparticle technology can be utilized as carriers for nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA as well as small molecule-based drugs and proteins through a coating with biological polymers that form complexes with the negatively charged nucleic acids and condensed into nanoparticles.
The most common approach to increasing longevity of nucleic acid extracts is to freeze the samples to -20C (DNA samples) or -80C (RNA samples).
Nucleic acids show great promise to treat both acquired and inherited diseases.
There are many factors to bear in mind when selecting the most efficient nucleic acid extraction workflow, but generally speaking, these center on balancing cost versus performance.
In the presence of thrombin, nucleic acid 1 acts as a molecular switch, folding the aptamer into its stable aptamer-thrombin complex (Fig.
The nucleic acid test agents are quite sensitive and can detect the DNA and RNA of various viruses through blood screening.
Gen-Probe's TIGRIS system is the first and only integrated, fully automated, high-throughput nucleic acid testing system for clinical diagnostics and blood screening.