nucleotide


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nu·cle·o·tide

 (no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′, nyo͞o′-)
n.
Any of a group of compounds consisting of a nucleoside combined with a phosphate group and constituting the units that make up DNA and RNA molecules.

[Alteration of nucleoside.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

nucleotide

(ˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to phosphoric acid. Nucleic acids are made up of long chains (polynucleotides) of such compounds
[C20: from nucleo- + t (added for ease of pronunciation) + -ide]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

nu•cle•o•tide

(ˈnu kli əˌtaɪd, ˈnyu-)

n.
any of a group of molecules that, when linked together, form the building blocks of DNA or RNA: in DNA the group comprises a phosphate group, the bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, and a pentose sugar; in RNA the thymine base is replaced by uracil.
[< German Nucleotid (1908)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

nu·cle·o·tide

(no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′)
Any of a group of organic compounds composed of one of several nitrogen bases linked to a sugar and a phosphate group. The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are made up of chains of nucleotides. See Note at DNA.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleosidenucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid, AMP - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
adenosine diphosphate, ADP - an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
adenosine triphosphate, ATP - a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
deoxyadenosine monophosphate, A - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxycytidine monophosphate, C - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxyguanosine monophosphate, G - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxythymidine monophosphate, T - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
muton - the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
U, uracil - a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
nukleotidi
nucléotide
ヌクレオチド
nucleotídeo
nucleotide

nu·cle·o·tide

n. nucleótido, unidad estructural de ácido nucleico.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In all the cases "C" residue in MR02 sequence is replaced by "T" residue in MR03 nucleotide sequence.
The reference HBV genome used for the numbering of nucleotide positions was D50521.1.
Nucleotide sequences of the single-stranded (ss) RNA genomes of coronavirus, picornavirus, and HIV (reference strains and unclassified species) were downloaded from the ViralZone database (http://viralzone.expasy.org/) [7, 8].
A few cases of reversible TDF or ADV-induced PRTD and Fanconi's syndrome have been reported in CHB patients after stopping treatment with nucleotide analogues [12, 26].
Visit the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Genotyping Market 2013-2020 report at https://www.ihealthcareanalyst.com/report/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-genotyping-market/
Their structural analysis revealed a two-step process: energy-supplying molecules are recruited and then nucleotide is added.
As it can be seen from the results of electrophoresis, Taq polymerase is capable to effectively incorporate in the sequence of a strand only modified nucleotide 5-(C8 Alkyne)-2'-Deoxyuridine-5'-Triphosphate.
The complete nucleotide sequences of the insert in pET28b were determined, and one open reading frame encoding a protein composed of encoding 200 and 120 amino acids were identified for pET28b-mpb83 and pET28b-cfp2, encoding MPB83 and CFP2 proteins, with predicted molecular weight of 22 kDa and 13.2 kDa, respectively.
The primary measurement of nucleotide variation in a gene is the occurrence of non-synonymous variation (Loewe et al., 2006).
In this example, we could either describe the read depth of a single nucleotide, or measure the average read depth of every nucleotide position and get a value of 2.28 as an average read depth.
Compared with other RV species, the US RVH VP6 sequences shared the highest nucleotide and amino acid identities with RVG (51%-53% and 39%-41%, respectively) and RVB (47%-52% and 34%-39%, respectively) (Table 2).