kermes

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ker·mes

 (kûr′mēz)
n.
A red dyestuff once prepared from the dried bodies of various female scale insects of the genus Kermes.

[French kermès, short for alkermès, from Arabic al-qirmiz, the kermes, probably from Sanskrit kṛmi-ja-, (red dye) produced by worms; see kwr̥mi- in Indo-European roots.]

kermes

(ˈkɜːmɪz)
n
1. (Dyeing) the dried bodies of female scale insects of the genus Kermes, esp K. ilices of Europe and W Asia, used as a red dyestuff
2. (Plants) a small evergreen Eurasian oak tree, Quercus coccifera, with prickly leaves resembling holly: the host plant of kermes scale insects
[C16: from French kermès, from Arabic qirmiz, from Sanskrit krmija- red dye, literally: produced by a worm, from krmi worm + ja- produced]

ker•mes

(ˈkɜr miz)

n.
a red dye formerly prepared from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect, Kermes ilices.
[1600–10; < French kermès < Arabic qirmiz < Persian; compare crimson]