kermes(redirected from oak kermes)
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A red dyestuff once prepared from the dried bodies of various female scale insects of the genus Kermes.
1. (Dyeing) the dried bodies of female scale insects of the genus Kermes, esp K. ilices of Europe and W Asia, used as a red dyestuff
2. (Plants) a small evergreen Eurasian oak tree, Quercus coccifera, with prickly leaves resembling holly: the host plant of kermes scale insects
[C16: from French kermès, from Arabic qirmiz, from Sanskrit krmija- red dye, literally: produced by a worm, from krmi worm + ja- produced]
a red dye formerly prepared from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect, Kermes ilices.
[1600–10; < French kermès < Arabic qirmiz < Persian; compare crimson]