obstruent


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ob·stru·ent

 (ŏb′stro͞o-ənt)
adj.
Obstructing or closing natural openings or passages of the body.
n.
1. An obstruent medicine or agent.
2. Linguistics A sound, such as a stop, fricative, or affricate, that is produced with complete blockage or at least partial constriction of the airflow through the nose or mouth.

[Latin obstruēns, obstruent-, present participle of obstruere, to obstruct; see obstruct.]

obstruent

(ˈɒbstrʊənt) med
adj
(Medicine) causing obstruction, esp of the intestinal tract
n
(Medicine) anything that causes obstruction
[C17: from Latin obstruere to obstruct]

ob•stru•ent

(ˈɒb stru ənt)

adj.
1. (of a speech sound) characterized by stoppage or obstruction of the flow of air from the lungs.
n.
2. an obstruent speech sound; a stop, fricative, or affricate. Compare resonant (def. 7).
[1660–70; < Latin obstruent-, s. of obstruēns, present participle of obstruere; see obstruct, -ent]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
occlusive, plosive, plosive consonant, plosive speech sound, stop consonant, stop - a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are too aspirated"
continuant, continuant consonant - consonant articulated by constricting (but not closing) the vocal tract
affricate, affricate consonant, affricative - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
References in periodicals archive ?
Morelli, Frida (2003), The Relative Harmony of /s stop/Onsets: Obstruent Clusters and the Sonority Sequencing Principle.
Richardson defined OSUI in 1983 and thought that a zigzag and obstruent urethra explained the symptoms of SUI;[25] another noted that bulging of the posterior wall of the vagina pressed against the urethra, contributing to urinary continence.[26] In this study, four patients with OSUI accepted the TVT-O procedure and SUI recurred in three of these patients.
Among the topics are the Greek dialects in the palatial and post-palatial Late Bronze Age, whether Boeotian and its neighbors formed a central Helladic dialect continuum, the softening of obstruent consonants in the Macedonian dialect, aspect and modality in Thessalian official documents, and the dialect of Thasos and the transmission of Archilochus' fragments.
Sonority also does not prefer a sonorant + obstruent cluster on onset position.
Obstruent initials in syllables with ydngping tone are aspirated /p', t', k', ts', ts', [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/unless they are beiyin syllables derived from the ru tone.
The stimuli used for sampling comprised a set of seven phrases consisting of obstruent consonants (six fricatives) and one constituted by the lateral approximant consonant (/l/) as described in Table 1.
Il espere voir ce responsable saisir cette opportunite et parvenir a reunir toutes les parties congolaises pro et anti-dialogue et mettre un frein aux blocages qui obstruent cette voie.
A en croire les plaignants, qui sont directement affectes par cette situation insupportable, ces marchands munis de charrettes et de triporteurs encombrent les passages et obstruent quasiment toutes les issues, car ils n'hesitent guere a occuper aussi bien la chaussee que les paves pour pietons.