The company combined growth hormones from Chinook salmon and a gene from the ocean pout
, an eel-like species, to cause the new salmon to produce growth hormones year-round instead of only in spring and summer.
The gene construct consists of two parts, namely 1) a growth hormone gene from the Chinook salmon, and 2) a promoter gene from another fish, called ocean pout
which switches on the growth gene all-year round instead of only during warm weather.
The Food and Drug Administration has spent 20 years reviewing an application for a faster-growing Atlantic salmon enhanced with genes from a chinook salmon and the eel-like ocean pout
AquAdvantage, the fast-growing fish at the center of the controversy in the United States, is an Atlantic salmon that contains a growth hormone from a Chinook salmon and has been given a gene from the ocean pout
, an eel-like fish.
The fish in question, (http://www.aquabounty.com/products/aquadvantage-295.aspx) AquAdvantage salmon , is a farmed Atlantic salmon that contains a growth hormone gene from the chinook salmon and a genetic switch from the ocean pout
that keeps the transplanted gene continuously active.
The transgenic Atlantic Salmon--inserted with genes from the Chinook salmon and ocean pout
so it can grow twice as fast is safe to eat and will not harm the environment, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has decided after lengthy evaluations, said a report in Asiaone.
These fish have a growth hormone gene from Chinook salmon (native to the North Pacific) and an anti-freeze protein gene from another fish, the ocean pout
(native to the Northwest Atlantic).
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is expected to decide on the first-ever genetically engineered (GE) nonplant food source for human consumption--a proposal by Massachusetts-based AquaBounty to sell sterile eggs of a salmon with genetic material from the Chinook salmon and the ocean pout
inserted for fast growth.
Scientists in the United Kingdom are rejecting the proposed use of a synthetically produced "is a replica of a naturally occurring one that Unilever has copied from the ocean pout
, a fish that lives in the extremely cold waters of the bottom of the Northern Atlantic Ocean.