However, if the ocular muscle
or even the optic nerve is invaded, the symptoms can be serious.
While MG affects individuals of all racial groups, patients of African genetic ancestry, particularly juveniles, are more likely to develop an ocular muscle
complication of MG compared to their European counterparts (Heckmann 2012).
4) The occurrence of different leprosy-related eye complications in LL hansen's and Type II lepra reaction is about 44%, which includes ocular muscle
weakness, lagophthalmos, ectropion, trichiasis, entropion, blocked nasolacrimal ducts, pterygium, impaired corneal sensation, corneal opacity, corneal nerve beading, punctate keratitis, iris atrophy, blindness, episcleritis, scleritis, iridocyclitis, iris atrophy and decreased visual acuity, corneal ulcer and cataract.
Ocular complications include uveitis, keratitis, conjunctivitis, conjunctival edema (chemosis), ocular muscle
palsies, scleritis, retinal vascular occlusion and ulceration, scarring and even necrosis of the lids.
Paul McIntosh had to have plastic surgery to repair damage to the ocular muscle
controlling movement in his left eye, following the incident when he was struck by Wilfred Charles in the Commercial pub in New Street, Huddersfield on January 31.
It begins with ocular anatomy, sensory physiology and pathology, actions of the extraocular muscles, sensory adaptations to strabismus, and tests of sensory status and ocular alignment, followed by classification schemes, assessment, special tests and techniques in the assessment of alignment, abnormal head positions, and ocular muscle
pareses and restrictions, and specific strabismus disorders and syndromes.
At the age of 13 months, she was seen by a pediatric ophthalmologist, whose examination found a steady and maintained gaze in both eyes in addition to the prominent left head turn (figure 1, A), a position that is often adopted by a child with ocular muscle
misalignment to avoid double vision.
3) reported that all muscles innerved by the third, fourth and sixth cranial nerves were involved in a case of ocular muscle
paralysis which occured with bite of an Europa viper.
Pediatric orbital floor fracture: Direct extra- ocular muscle
Regular ocular exams including vision check, extra ocular muscle
exam, intraocular pressure measurement, optic disc evaluation and visual field testing should be performed.
Myoplasties of extra ocular muscle
may cause adhesions between the operated muscle and the adjacent tissues, allowing the occurrence of oculomotor dysfunctions and cicatricial strabismus (CRUZ, 1996).
Also, having the patient gaze downward for a sustained time to elicit the Cogan's lid twitch sign is part of the evaluation for ocular muscle