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Rigid adherence to official regulations, forms, and procedures.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


strict, often excessive adherence to and respect for official regulations
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(əˈfɪʃ əˌlɪz əm)

1. excessive attention to official regulations and routines.
2. official methods or systems.
3. officials collectively.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any official regulations or procedures.
2. an excessive emphasis on official regulations or procedures.
3. officials in general or collectively.
See also: Bureaucracy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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It's so universally accepted as a prim downer of an innovation killer that even Merriam-Webster has piled on; the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, once it gets past the technical definitions, defines bureaucracy as "a system of administration marked by officialism, red tape, and proliferation." Closer to home, the definition writers at see bureaucracy as "a system of administration distinguished by its (1) clear hierarchy of authority, (2) rigid division of labor, (3) written and inflexible rules, regulations, and procedures, and (4) impersonal relationships."
What is inhuman in modern life is officialism" (569).
Nevertheless, studies on the subject tend to suffer from two fundamental flaws: "officialism" (3), on the one hand, and lack of comprehensive knowledge about the political economy of UN POs and its significance for the national grand strategy, on the other.
Yesufu to write that the Northern Region Government's unilateral action "....destroyed both the elements of officialism and bargaining, as well as the moral force to implement the rates" (Lakemfa, 2014: 45).