oil of vitriol


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oil of vitriol

oil of vitriol

n
(Elements & Compounds) another name for sulphuric acid

sulfu′ric ac′id



n.
a clear, colorless to brownish, dense, oily, corrosive, water-miscible liquid, H2SO4, used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers, chemicals, explosives, and dyestuffs and in petroleum refining. Also called oil of vitriol.
[1780–90]

Oil of vitriol

Sulphuric acid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oil of vitriol - (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry
acid - any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
atomic number 16, sulfur, sulphur, S - an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
battery acid, electrolyte acid - dilute sulfuric acid used in storage batteries
References in periodicals archive ?
WHAT acid is also called oil of vitriol? WHERE do UK-breeding swallows spend the winter?
Oil of vitriol is an old common name for which dangerous chemical?
p 101 Take four ounces of the best Asiatic nitre, ground to the finest powder; put it into a retort; pour on to it four ounces of rectified oil of vitriol; distil until the last vapour has been produced; it will come forth as the strongest aqua fortis: then take four ounces of roasted common salt; put it into a similar retort, pour on to it four ounces of rectified oil of vitriol; distil as before; which, when it comes forth, combined with the aforementioned aqua fortis, yields a most potent aqua regia.