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[Middle English, from Medieval Latin, alteration (perhaps influenced by Latin oleum, oil, in *oleum libani, oil of frankincense, referring to chrism made with frankincense), from Greek libanos, of Semitic origin and probably specifically from Old South Arabian *libān; akin to Arabic lubān, Tigré ləbān, and Harari (Semitic language of the city of Harar, Ethiopia) libānāt; see lbn in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Elements & Compounds) another name for frankincense
[C14: from Medieval Latin, from Greek libanos]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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|Noun||1.||olibanum - an aromatic gum resin obtained from various Arabian or East African trees; formerly valued for worship and for embalming and fumigation|
gum - any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying
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