oligodendrocyte


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ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

 (ŏl′ĭ-gō-dĕn′drə-sīt′, ō′lĭ-)
n.
Any of the neuroglial cells of the central nervous system that are responsible for the formation of myelin sheaths in the white matter and that, in the gray matter, are detectable using myelin staining techniques and may provide support for adjacent neurons.

oligodendrocyte

(ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈdɛndrəʊsaɪt)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a glial cell involved in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oligodendrocyte - a cell of the oligodendroglia
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
oligodendria, oligodendroglia - tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
Translations

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

n. oligodendrocito, célula de la neuroglia que participa en pocos aunque delicados procesos.
References in periodicals archive ?
AST-OPC1, an oligodendrocyte progenitor population derived from human embryonic stem cells, has been shown in animals and in vitro to have three potentially reparative functions that address the complex pathologies observed at the injury site of a spinal cord injury, stated the company.
To address this question, the team conducted a series of experiments to identify which oligodendrocyte receptor clemastine might be acting on.
Vartanian explains that when scientists examined those newly forming MS lesions, they found two important changes that are typical of most MS lesions: disruption of the blood-brain barrier and oligodendrocyte death.
Oligodendrocyte dysfunction was also seen in the brain and spinal cord of people with ALS.
In a process termed "cellular reprogramming," researchers manipulated the levels of three naturally occurring proteins to induce fibroblast cells to become precursors to oligodendrocytes (called oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, or OPCs).
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells: These cells comprise up to eight percent of all the cells in the nervous system.
Key words: apoptosis, caspases, complement C5, complement complex C5b-9, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, Fas ligand, oligodendrocyte, multiple sclerosis, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase, T lymphocyte.
These alterations contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's and may represent combined effects of neuronal degeneration, microgliosis, oligodendrocyte injury, microcirculatory disease, interstitial fluid status, and edema, the researchers said.
Oligodendrocyte precursors migrate to each of the regions where axons are developing.
The researchers also discovered a mechanism that coordinates when these immature cells called oligodendrocyte precursors hop off the vessels and differentiate into mature oligodendrocytes, wrapping themselves around nerve fibers to speed nerve transmission.