ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Left: Olivary
Rounder ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) It is a tool made of bamboo, wood or plastic and with two olivary
ends and mainly used to round the holes such as spout and pore.
The hallmark of PCA is severe loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells with relative preservation of other cerebellar neurons and the presence of inflammatory infiltrates in the cerebellar cortex, deep cerebellar nuclei, and inferior olivary
nuclei (1, 4-6).
The hallmark pathological features of FFI include focal thalamic and olivary
gliosis with neuronal dropout.
The ABR has been used to help estimate the integrity of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways from the auditory nerve to the superior olivary
Hemimegancephaly, porencephaly, Aicardi syndrome, olivary
dentate dysplasia, mammillary body agenesis, cerebral dysgenesis and cortical dysplasias have been related with this condition.
Cerebral degeneration, including neuronal loss, is usually identified in the gray matter and is especially significant in the olivary
nuclei, and spongiform degeneration and associated gliosis may develop from focal to diffuse.
14) This pathology affects the substantia nigra, striatum, inferior olivary
nucleus, pontine nuclei, and cerebellum.
The papers describe models of the auditory periphery, the cochlear nucleus, the superior olivary
complex, the auditory cortex, the inferior colliculus neurons, sensorineural hearing loss, and auditory scene analysis.
The central pathological process in MSA involves neuronal cell loss and gliosis throughout the central nervous system (CNS), especially in the putamen, caudate, substantia nigra, locus coerulus, pontine nucleus, inferior olivary
nucleus purkinje cells and the intermediolateral cell columns of the thoracic spinal cord (93).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detected the presence of an old pontine vascular insult associated with a prominence and abnormal hyperintensity in the area of the right inferior olivary
nucleus (figures 1-3).
Histopathologic lesions in brain of zebu with spongiform encephalopathy and cow with bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Switzerland, 2004 * Site Cow Zebu Brainstem Dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve (+) (++) Nucleus of spinal tract of trigeminal (++) (+++) nerve Nucleus of hypoglossal nerve (+) (++) Reticular formation (++) (++) Nucleus of solitary tract (++) (+++) Vestibular nuclei (++) (+) to (++) Olivary
nuclei (++) (++) Cerebellar cortex (-) (+) Midbrain (substantia grisea centralis) (+) to (++) (++) to (+++) Thalamus (++) (++) to (+++) Hippocampus n.
Red nuclear and cerebellar but no olivary
activation associated with essential tremor: a positron emission tomographic study.