Feeding quality fodder is one of the important managemental practices that determines the productivity of dairy animals, but fodder scarcity during dry months and sudden changes in dietary constituents causes rumen and omasal impaction. Rumen impaction is mainly encountered when dry feeds like wheat and paddy straw form a substantial part of ration of animals leading to inappetance and reduced milk yield (Athar et al., 2010).
The present study was conducted on ten clinical cases of rumen omasal impaction in bovines.
All animals operated for ruminal impaction and omasal impaction were given Injection Ampicillin and Cloxacillin (d) combination @ 10 mg/kg, intramuscular, twice daily for seven days and Injection Gentamicin sulfate (e) @ 4 mg/kg, intramuscular, twice daily for five days.
The mean age of animals suffering from rumeno omasal impaction was 5.75 years.
The survey radiographs were not helpful in diagnosis of conditions like rumen and omasal impaction.
The intra operative findings of two animals suffering from omasal impaction were decreased reticulo-omasal orifice tonocity and large impacted, distended omasum.
Majority of omasal impaction cases are found excessively enlarged and hard at postmortem examination.
In the light of history, clinical examiation and omasal motility test, omasal impaction was diagnosed.
Omasal impaction is difficult to diagnose clinically under field conditions.
The case report suggested that the prognosis for omasal impaction is good provided diagnosed and impaction is corrected timely.
These are traumatic reticulitis, reticuloperitonitis, ruminal impaction, diaphragmatic or reticular hernia, omasal impaction
etc (Rouquet et al., 2006; Saini et al., 2005).