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 (ō′mər, ō′mĕr)
n. Judaism
1. An ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to a tenth of an ephah, about 3.5 liters (3.7 quarts).
a. An offering of a sheaf or an omer of the first harvest of barley to a priest in the Temple on the second day of Passover.
b. Omer A 49-day liturgical season, originally a harvest festival, from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuot, during which marriages are prohibited and signs of mourning are observed.

[Hebrew 'ōmer; see ġmr in Semitic roots. Sense 2b, from the offering of a sheaf of barley on the second day of Passover.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Units) an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure equal to one tenth of an ephah
[C17: from Hebrew `ōmer a measure]


(Judaism) Judaism a period of seven weeks extending from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuoth, and observed as a period of semimourning
[named because sacrifices of an omer of grain were made]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈoʊ mər; Heb. ɔˈmɛr)

1. an ancient Hebrew unit of dry measure, the tenth part of an ephah.
2. (usu. cap.) the period of 49 days from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuoth, a period of semimourning.
[< Hebrew ‘ōmer]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
I put my hand in his, wondering who he was, and we walked away to a shop in a narrow street, on which was written OMER, DRAPER, TAILOR, HABERDASHER, FUNERAL FURNISHER, &c.
Omer took off his broad-brimmed hat, and sat down and panted.
Omer. 'As I have got my breath now, I think I'll measure this young scholar.
Omer, in compliance with his request; and after showing me a roll of cloth which he said was extra super, and too good mourning for anything short of parents, he took my various dimensions, and put them down in a book.
Omer took me back into the parlour, breathing with some difficulty on the way.
Omer, after watching me for some minutes, during which I had not made much impression on the breakfast, for the black things destroyed my appetite, 'I have been acquainted with you a long time, my young friend.'
Here we stand, by no previous appointment or arrangement, three old schoolfellows, in Westminster Hall; three old boarders in a remarkably dull and shady seminary at Saint Omer's, where you, being Catholics and of necessity educated out of England, were brought up; and where I, being a promising young Protestant at that time, was sent to learn the French tongue from a native of Paris!'
D'Artagnan comforted the most needy of these brotherly miseries by a prudent distribution of the crowns of the society; then, having taken care that these crowns should be employed in the physical improvement of the troop, he appointed a trysting place in the north of France, between Berghes and Saint Omer. Six days were allowed as the utmost term, and D'Artagnan was sufficiently acquainted with the good-will, the good-humor, and the relative probity of these illustrious recruits, to be certain that not one of them would fail in his appointment.
The souls of our pure founders, the spirits of Hugh de Payen and Godfrey de Saint Omer, and of the blessed Seven who first joined in dedicating their lives to the service of the Temple, are disturbed even in the enjoyment of paradise itself.
The camp had entered Saint Omer; the friends made a little detour and went to the camp, and gave the army an exact account of the flight of the king and queen.
"To maintain the fertile places by commerce, and the sterile by manufactures....--To show the English lords our four bombards, London, Brabant, Bourg-en-Bresse, Saint- Omer....--Artillery is the cause of war being made more judiciously now....--To Monsieur de Bressuire, our friend....--Armies cannot be maintained without tribute, etc.