on trial


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tri·al

 (trī′əl, trīl)
n.
1. Law
a. A proceeding in which opposing parties in a dispute present evidence and make arguments on the application of the law before a judge or jury: The case is expected to go to trial.
b. An instance of such a proceeding: the trial of Socrates.
2.
a. The act or process of testing, trying, or putting to the proof: a trial of one's faith.
b. An instance of such testing, especially as part of a series of tests or experiments: a clinical trial of a drug.
3. An effort or attempt: succeeded on the third trial.
4. A state of pain or anguish that tests patience, endurance, or belief: "the fiery trial through which we pass" (Abraham Lincoln).
5. A trying, troublesome, or annoying person or thing: The child was a trial to his parents.
6. A preliminary competition or test to determine qualifications, as in a sport.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or used in a trial.
2. Attempted or advanced on a provisional or experimental basis: a married couple on a trial separation.
3. Made or done in the course of a trial or test.
Idioms:
on trial
In the process of being tried, as in a court of law.
trial by fire
A test of one's abilities, especially the ability to perform well under pressure.

[Middle English triall, a testing, from Anglo-Norman trial, from trier, to pick out, try, from Old French trier, to pick out, separate out; see try.]
Synonyms: trial, affliction, crucible, ordeal, tribulation
These nouns denote distress or suffering that severely tests resiliency and character: no consolation in their hour of trial; the affliction of a bereaved family; the crucible of revolution; the ordeal of being an innocent murder suspect; a time of relentless tribulation. See Also Synonyms at burden.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.on trial - in the process of being tested or tried
unproved, unproven - not proved; "unproved allegations"; "unproved assumptions"
Translations
تَحْتَ التَّجْرِبَهتَحْت المُحاكَمَه
na zkouškupřed soudem
stillet for retten
bíróság elõtt állkipróbálás alatt
fyrir réttitil reynslu
na skúškupred súdom
denemedetecrübe hâlindeyargılanmakta

trial

(ˈtraiəl) noun
1. an act of testing or trying; a test. Give the new car a trial; The disaster was a trial of his courage.
2. a legal process by which a person is judged in a court of law. Their trial will be held next week.
3. a (source of) trouble or anxiety. My son is a great trial (to me).
trial run
a rehearsal, first test etc of anything, eg a play, car, piece of machinery etc.
on trial
1. the subject of a legal action in court. She's on trial for murder.
2. undergoing tests or examination. We've had a new television installed, but it's only on trial.
trial and error
the trying of various methods, alternatives etc until the right one happens to appear or be found. They didn't know how to put in a central-heating system, but they managed it by trial and error.
References in classic literature ?
If you incline you can have him on trial, and then your coachman will see what he thinks of him.
Handsome is that handsome does'," said my master; "you are only taking him on trial, and I am sure you will do fairly by him, young man.
When he recovered from the attack he was at once brought up on trial for murder.