onchocerciasis


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on·cho·cer·ci·a·sis

 (ŏng′kō-sər-kī′ə-sĭs)
n.
Any of several diseases caused by infestation with filarial worms of the genus Onchocerca, especially a disease of humans caused by O. volvulus and characterized by nodular swellings on the skin and eye lesions that can result in blindness. Transmitted by black flies of the genus Simulium, the disease occurs in tropical regions of Africa and Central and South America. Also called river blindness.

[New Latin Onchocerca, genus name (Greek onkos, barb + Greek kerkos, tail) + -iasis.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

onchocerciasis

(ˌɒŋkəʊsəˈkaɪəsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
(Pathology) a disease found in parts of Africa and tropical America that is caused by a parasitic worm, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted to humans by various species of black fly. It results in inflammation of the skin and in some cases blindness. Also called: river blindness
[C20: from Onchocerca, the genus of worms + -iasis]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.onchocerciasis - infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness; common in Africa and tropical America
infestation - the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

onchocerciasis

n oncocercosis f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Director-General of the Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis and Onchocerciasis Research, Dr Augustine Igwe, said all hands must be on deck to control the spread of the disease.
The Global Health Investment Fund (GHIF) reported on Tuesday the sale of Medicines Development for Global Health's (MDGH) Priority Review Voucher (PRV) following the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approval of moxidectin for river blindness (onchocerciasis), a debilitating disease in low-income countries.
The anthelmintic had previously been approved for veterinary uses, but in June 2018, the FDA approved moxidectin to treat onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness.
The Task Force also worked to increase access to Mectizan, a preventive medicine for onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness.
"The Crispvision Eye Test Kit from Nigeria is used to detect eye defects, correct shortsightedness and also to monitor debilitating eye diseases such as cataract, onchocerciasis and trachoma.
Other innovations to be showcased include 'Proximie', an augmented reality platform from the UK that allows doctors to virtually transport themselves into any operating room anywhere in the world; the Crispvision Eye Test Kit, a sight-saving kit from Nigeria used to detect eye defects, correct far-sightedness and monitor debilitating eye diseases such as cataracts, onchocerciasis, and trachoma; and 'Tilapia Skin Burn Bandage', a low-cost and efficient process from Brazil that uses sterilized fish skin to treat patients with second- and third-degree burns.
[USA] Aug 28(ANI): Scientists have developed a new urine diagnostic to detect the parasitic worms that cause river blindness, also called onchocerciasis, a tropical disease that afflicts 18 to 120 million people worldwide.
In Saudi Arabia there has been a remarkable decrease in the prevalence of trachoma.52 The incidence of trachoma was found to be very low in the western Saudi Arabia53 and as well as in the eastern province.54 Onchocerciasis is another major infectious cause of blindness in many African countries, Yemen and some countries in Latin America.
M2 PHARMA-June 19, 2018-New Treatment for Onchocerciasis Approved by US FDA
Sitmanin disinda kitada endemik olarak gorulen schistosomiasis, trypanosomiasis (Afrika Uyku Hastaligi), onchocerciasis, lenfatik filariasis ve leishmaniasis kitaya seyahat eden insanlara bulasabilecek paraziter hastaliklarin baslicalaridir.
The WHO initiative, called Expanded Special Project for Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN), it aims to combat five NTDs that generate the greatest burden of disease in the AFRO region, namely Onchocerciasis, Lymphatic Filariasis, Schistosomiasis, Soil Transmitted Helminthes, and Trachoma.