onchocerciasis

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on·cho·cer·ci·a·sis

 (ŏng′kō-sər-kī′ə-sĭs)
n.
Any of several diseases caused by infestation with filarial worms of the genus Onchocerca, especially a disease of humans caused by O. volvulus and characterized by nodular swellings on the skin and eye lesions that can result in blindness. Transmitted by black flies of the genus Simulium, the disease occurs in tropical regions of Africa and Central and South America. Also called river blindness.

[New Latin Onchocerca, genus name (Greek onkos, barb + Greek kerkos, tail) + -iasis.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

onchocerciasis

(ˌɒŋkəʊsəˈkaɪəsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
(Pathology) a disease found in parts of Africa and tropical America that is caused by a parasitic worm, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted to humans by various species of black fly. It results in inflammation of the skin and in some cases blindness. Also called: river blindness
[C20: from Onchocerca, the genus of worms + -iasis]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.onchocerciasis - infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness; common in Africa and tropical America
infestation - the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

onchocerciasis

n oncocercosis f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the context of the onchocerciasis elimination program in the area, ophthalmologists and other specially trained physicians periodically attended these populations to assess visual health, including onchocercosis. In countries such as Brazil (4) and Colombia (5), trachoma appears to be a serious public health problem in indigenous settlements and should be prioritized in programs aimed at eliminating trachoma (1,2,7).
In addition to ticks, tsetse fly transmits trypanosomiasis significantly affects in large ruminants; fleas act as vectors for yersiniosis, bartonellosis, haemoplasma and rickettsial infections in dogs and cats; flies causes thelaziasis, parafilaria infestation, onchocercosis and habronemiosis; sandflies spread leishmaniosis and mosquitoes transmit filariasis in livestock and dogs.
Onweluzo et al., "Results of a large scale onchocercosis survey in Enugu State, Nigeria," Journal of Helminthology, vol.
The risk is much higher for Onchocercosis at 18.3 percent of the population.
Transmission of Onchocerca volvulus by Simulium albivirguatum in the endemic area for onchocercosis of the central basin, Zaire.