onycha


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Related to onycha: stacte

onycha

(ˈɒnɪkə)
n
a part of a marine mollusc used as an ingredient in Mosaic incense
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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(2.) A discussion of the actual incense is far beyond the scope of this article but generally, with some secret ingredients acknowledged, was composed of the following: seventy manos of each of the following: tzari (sap of the balsam tree), tziporen (shecheles, a kind of root/annual plant or alternatively, onycha, a type of flower), chelbenah (galbanum, a gum resin), and frankincense; 16manos ofeach of the following: myrrh, cassia, spikenard and saffron; 12 manos of costus, three manos of cinnamon bark, nine manos of cinnamon.
For instance, the following gives advice on how to make an incense: "and the Lord said unto Moses, take unto thee sweet spices, Stacte (also known as storax) and Onycha (also known as labdanum) and Galbanum, also Frankincense; of each there shall be a like weight, and make an incense blended as by the perfumer."
The incense was made by blending together equal amounts of frankincense, stacte, onycha and galbanum (another resinous shrub), while the oil required 16 pounds of myrrh with the same amount of cassia and half as much each of cinnamon and calamus.
Exodus 30:34--"And the Lord said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum: these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each there shall be a like weight." Galbanum (Eerula gummosa) was esteemed for its medicinal and spiritual properties.
Incense was a central part of the Hebrew Temple service and this excerpt from a modern translation of an ancient Talmudic passage describes the recipe: "The incense was compounded of balm, onycha, galbanum, and frankincense, 70 minas weight of each; myrrh, cassia, spikenard, and saffron, 16minas weight of each
(Sen, which means "forest" in Wei's couplet, here becomes sen-sen [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] a reduplicative binom indicating fear or shivering.) In the first couplet, Huang alludes briefly to four ingredients of ho-hsiang [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "blended incense." [11] Some recipes for blended incense call for onycha, made from the operculum of a certain snail.
According to his biographer, Fan used musk to represent Yu Ping-chih [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (388-450), a corrupt aristocrat of the time, [48] certainly one to be "guarded against." "Onycha" stands for Hsu Chanchih [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (410-453), who may have seemed "vulgar" to Fan Yeh because in late 445 he exposed a conspiracy against the court in which both were involved and managed to escape punishment himself.