The PerfectCoaches app and method is rooted in the well-established psychology of operant learning
, and involves a cyclical process of self-awareness, behavioral focus, and feedback.
For example, operant learning
results from the consequences of a behavior where the desired consequences lead to an increase in the probability that preceding behavior will be shown again (i.e., reward), while undesired consequences lead to a decrease of this probability (i.e., punishment) .
We will first present some general arguments highlighting the similarities between respondent and operant learning
. Then we will proceed to analyze the apparent differences between these learning processes, examine the reasons for these differences and finally, demonstrate that a more comprehensive view of behavioral events leads to a unified account of conditioning.
This edition has updated content; new topics like evaluative conditioning, asocial observational learning, computer-based VRET (virtual reality exposure therapy), progressive schedules, and constraint-induced movement therapy; more studies, especially those that are controversial or counterintuitive; new applications, including the use of Pavlovian and operant procedures for diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of medical disorders; and replacement of the Miller-Dollard theory of observational learning with a generic operant learning
For example, as noted by Hull et al, (2001) in operant learning
and cultural phenomena, selection occurs only with respect to sequences of interactions; while in biological evolution, the process of selection operates upon numerous concurrent alternatives.
Because of its emphasis on behavior and its foundation of experimentally derived principles of learning, operant learning
theory, on the other hand, has for more than 40 years been used to successfully teach speech and language, especially to people with a variety of speech and language disorders (e.g., Camarata, 1993; DeLeon, Arnold, Rodriguez-Catter, & Uy, 2003; Hegde, 1998; Hegde, 2007; Hegde & Maul, 2006; Johnston, & Johnston, 1972; Lancaster et al., 2004; Pena-Brooks & Hegde, 2007; Wagaman, Miltenberger, & Arndorfer, 1993).
Reinforced variability and operant learning
. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 26.
The hypothesized influences of child learning on child social--emotional behavior were based on theory and research demonstrating the fact that infant operant learning
and the development of contingency awareness and detection is associated with concomitant positive behavior functioning (e.g., Colombo, 2001; Gergely & Watson, 1999; Rochat, 2001).
Biofeedback is a form of operant learning
that uses a "reinforced stimulus" as a reward to encourage the subject to repeat a desired action.
Simply put, classical conditioning (Pavlov) and operant learning
(Skinner) are the foundations for how we help people to change their behaviors.
Endosulfan induces small but significant changes in the levels of noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin in the developing rat brain and deficits in the operant learning
The use of dog-training in conjunction with classroom instruction on the operant learning
process affords students like myself the opportunity to experience firsthand the concepts associated with the operant learning