Ever since the idea was first conceived in the 1950s, with some studies in the field of psychology by Campbell & Fiskie (1959) with their "multiple operationism
", followed by its popularization in the 1980s (BAZELEY, 2002; 2009) triangulation has remained a matter of debate and discussion, which has provided opportunities for further advances and contributions.
Of immortal mythological beasts: Operationism
in psychology Theory & Psychology, 2, 291-320.
Survey Research and Multiple Operationism
: The URBIS Project Methodology.
On certain similarities between the philosophical investigations of Ludwig Wittgenstein and the operationism
, smuggled connotations and the nothing-else clause.
The myth of operationism
. The Journal of Mind & Behavior, 1, 131-140.
The new edition has updated references; information on operationism
, literature searches using the internet, ethics in scientific writing, methods of behavior measurement, and scaling; new examples; and more from neuroscience and biological psychology.
Looking back, Skinner (1979/1984) said, "As far as I was concerned, there were only minor differences between behaviorism, operationism
, and logical positivism" (p.
From the vantage point of generating cumulative knowledge, multiple operationism
is an advantage because it helps determine whether a 'true' relationship exists in different industry contexts with different operationalizations of the two focal constructs (Cook and Campbell 1979; Cooper 1989; Webb et al.
Impressed by the achievements of Einstein's theory of special relativity, the main originator of operationism
(in this instance health education) cannot rightly be used to justify the excursion onto tangents of interest that leave the organism fragmented into a plurality." (2) Health education is essentially an operation, a means of producing something, and thus it may neither employ, rely upon, nor use any "tangent of interest" which assumes the individual to be a "plurality," i.e., made up of several separate and unrelated systems or parts.