optative

(redirected from optatives)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

op·ta·tive

 (ŏp′tə-tĭv)
adj.
1. Expressing a wish or choice.
2. Grammar
a. Of, relating to, or being a mood of verbs in some languages, such as Greek, used to express a wish.
b. Designating a statement using a verb in the subjunctive mood to indicate a wish or desire, as in Had I the means, I would do it.
n. Grammar
1. The optative mood.
2. A verb or an expression in the optative mood.

[Middle English optatif, from Old French, from Late Latin optātīvus, from Latin optātus, past participle of optāre, to wish.]

op′ta·tive·ly adv.

optative

(ˈɒptətɪv)
adj
1. indicating or expressing choice, preference, or wish
2. (Grammar) grammar denoting a mood of verbs in Greek, Sanskrit, etc, expressing a wish
n
(Grammar) grammar
a. the optative mood
b. a verb in this mood
[C16: via French optatif, from Late Latin optātīvus, from Latin optāre to desire]

op•ta•tive

(ˈɒp tə tɪv)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to a verb mood, as in Greek, used to express a wish or desire.
n.
2. the optative mood.
3. a verb in the optative mood.
[1520–30; < Late Latin optātīvus= Latin optāt(us) (past participle of optāre; see opt, -ate1) + -īvus -ive]
op′ta•tive•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.optative - a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs
Sanskrit, Sanskritic language - (Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism); an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes
Ellas, Greece, Hellenic Republic - a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oil
modality, mood, mode - verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
Adj.1.optative - indicating an option or wish
2.optative - relating to a mood of verbs in some languages; "optative verb endings"
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
Translations

optative

[ˈɒptətɪv]
A. ADJoptativo
B. Noptativo m

optative

nOptativ m, → Wunschform f
adjoptativ

optative

[ˈɒptətɪv]
1. adjottativo/a
2. nottativo
References in periodicals archive ?
126) As modernity's distant echoes of ancient rallying calls in battle, the slogan is embedded with the "residual magic" (127) of optatives (speech acts that express wishes or desires), and of performatives.
I mostly remember the joy and pain of learning Greek: inching through the grammar book, memorizing lists of vocabulary-to-be-learnt, looking up verb forms and packing aorists and optatives (verb tense and mood I'd never known existed) into my obedient brain.
23)--before launching into optatives that parody God's fiat:
I now see that the verbs prapdtet, sayita, and adyuh must be potential optatives under the scope of an unexpressed yad 'if', rather than optatives of wish.
Imperatives and Optatives show the same agreement properties as non-indicative forms (i.
involves a story that is set in the past (which differs of course from the time of discourse) and located in a mimesis of physical space ('it happened in this place') and lyric often the mode that focuses on the lyric present or overlapping time schemes and a mimesis of mental space ('it is happening in my mind'), the hybrids in question are typically optatives located both in the mind in the present and in a physical space that may exist in the future.
In Greek the subjunctive gave future indicatives and subjunctives, and the optative gave optatives.