At necropsy, a conical, solid tan mass with 10 cm-length was observed involving the optic nerve from the posterior aspect of the right globe to the optic chiasm
. Its thickness varied from 0.5 cm (in the optic chiasm
region) to 3 cm (in the remaining areas of the tumor) (Figure 1A, B, C).
But sometimes lists of producers, DJs electronic acts seem so alien to us* they shift around before the eye can fully hone in, before the information can pass from retina to optic nerve, through optic chiasm
, photoreceptor and synapses It's like that creepy hypnotism scene in Stir Of Echoes when Kevin Bacon is staring at the movie screen, straining to bring the blurry words into focus.
Its use is recommended for large adenomas (>3cm) and for tumours located at the distance of 3-5mm from optic chiasm
Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle attached to the optic chiasm
. Successful removal through a trans-lamina terminalis approach.
There is often obliteration of the prepontine and perichiasmatic cisterns, with flattening of the pons and draping of the optic chiasm
over the dorsum sella.
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed extending nodular enhancements within and adjacent to the optic chiasm
, at the basal cisternal level, and in the leptomeningeal layers in the posterior fossa.
Diffuse malignant lymphoma type B with optic chiasm
infiltration, visual disturbances, hypopituitarism, hyperprolactinaemia and diabetes insipidus.
In fact, GH and GH mRNA proteins have also been identified in retinal ganglion cells and can be traced within their axons in the retina within the optic fibre layer and outside the retina within the optic nerve, optic chiasm
and optic tract (10,15,16).
The optic nerve passing optic canal ran from the eyeball to the optic chiasm
; the optic tract ran from the optic chiasm
to the lateral geniculate nucleus; the optic radiation ran from the lateral geniculate nucleus to the calcarine sulcus (Fig.
Specialists in ophthalmology and radiology cover examination of the afferent visual system, visual fields, magnetic resonance imaging for the ophthalmologist, transient visual loss/retinal artery occlusion, optic nerve disorders, optic chiasm
, retrochiasmal disorders, non-physiologic visual loss, neuro-ophthalmologic examinations--efferent systems, ocular misalignment and other ocular motor disorders, nystagmus, pupil, and orbital disease of neuro-ophthalmic significance.
Visual loss occurs due to optic chiasm
compression represents one of the most common symptoms.
Visual disturbances are present in more than half of the patients with PA due to the compression of optic chiasm
or optic nerves .