oralist

(redirected from oralists)

o·ral·ism

 (ôr′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The theory or practice of teaching hearing-impaired or deaf persons to communicate by means of spoken language.

o′ral·ist adj. & n.

oralist

(ˈɔːrəlɪst)
n
1. (Social Welfare) a person who employs or advocates oralism in communicating with people who are deaf
2. (Rhetoric) a person skilled in oration or persuasion
adj
(Social Welfare) of or relating to oralism as a means of communicating with people who are deaf
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References in periodicals archive ?
During the ceremony, ten best oralists and five best memorials were also awarded.
The DLSU-COL team is made up of oralists Julia Therese Pineda and Edwin Roberto Concepcion, who ranked as the competition's second and third highest advocates, respectively, along with Michelle Laureta and Kylie Dado.
In the view of oralists, the deaf person who only communicates with his/her hands is one who is classified in a subgroup outside the capacity of the oralized, and is one who will approach the listener as having a "sign of superiority" (Witkoski, 2011).
Jennifer Esmail's Reading Victorian Deafness takes as its mainspring the nineteenth-century deaf education debates, in which oralists (most of whom were hearing) sought to make speech training central to deaf education while manualists (most of whom were deaf) defended the use of signed languages.
Esmail also does an excellent job at justifying the transatlantic reach of her project, highlighting the various streams of communication between deaf community members and between oralists on either side of the Atlantic.
Crochet, Foley, and Zesch were recognized as some of the best individual oralists in the competition.
2) As Jennifer Esmail has established, oralists claimed that the lack of speech in a manualist sign language education would hurt students' abilities to acquire English, to think abstractly, and to function in the hearing world of work (348, 350).
20) And if you will permit me a parochial aside, I cannot desist from mentioning that in the most recent round of the Canada-United States Law Institute's Niagara Competition, the Case Western Reserve team finished second and placed several oralists and writers, and was one of the top competitors.
Oralists argued that signed languages were inferior to spoken languages because they incorrectly believed that signed languages were more concrete, iconic, and primitive than spoken languages.
While Epee thus became an important symbol for partisans of sign language, not least because his work sustained the belief that the deaf were indeed capable of intellectual rigor, oralists mirrored his insistence on French as the language of true integration.
Through the teaching of lip reading and speech, oralists sought to integrate deaf people into hearing society; the strictest oralists also waged a campaign against sign language and deaf culture.
Here's a story about that: The Ladies' Home Journal or Good Housekeeping bought the story, and I said, "Oh, thank you for buying the story, because you know there's a terrific controversy about oral versus deaf training, and the oralists are in the saddle now, and Sign is not popular at all, and thank you for this liberating thing you're doing .