Had Shostakovich already made his orchestrational
decisions before he wrote Draft IIB?
Musicians' lack of variability among the graphed responses to the three orchestrations may have indicated their belief that the orchestrational
differences among the pieces should not have greatly affected their tension responses.
But the inventiveness and orchestrational
brilliance of this work could be grasped by anyone.
Tirro's case in point is the Dave Brubeck Octet, whose music "displays many of the same concerns as the music of the Miles Davis nonet," especially "similar orchestrational
ideas," although "the New York musicians were totally unaware of Brubeck's endeavors" (pp.
You had to come up with an orchestrational
palette that would cut through all the sound effects," he explains.
Although Adams (or his editors) does not mark the boundaries of these sections with double barlines or boxed measure numbers, there is nevertheless a change of tempo and texture at measure 324, and a rather dramatic orchestrational
and textural shift at measure 401 that clearly indicate these points as structural junctures.
In the Versuch, Adorno, too, looks back to Lohengrin for the exemplary instance of Wagner's orchestrational
But the melodic and orchestrational
inventiveness is ample compensation and the Orchestra of Opera North certainly displayed its strength in depth.
George Bruns, a former student of Baker's who was writing music for one of Disney's early forays into TV drama, "Davy Crockett" starring Fess Parker, asked Baker for orchestrational
help while that show was in production in 1954.
Campbell gives information on Jens Peter Jacobsen's Gurrelieder in his article "Gurrelieder and the Fall of the Gods: Schoenberg's Struggle with the Legacy of Wa gner," finding a parallel between Jacobsen's glance toward the future in this text and Schoenberg's original orchestrational
idiom in part 3, by which the older Wagnerian context of the oratorio is dispelled.
But also harmonic, contrapuntal, and finally orchestrational
aspects - -: that way one would end up with four entire volumes on one work, indeed for every symphony, comprising all of theory, indeed one couldn't get by with less (harmony, counterpoint, form, orchestration).
Like Winter's work, Steinberg's CD-ROM sets a full musical rendering of a masterwork (or works, in this case) by a world-class orchestra within an instructional context composed of narrative/descriptive text, definitions of musical terms, and historical, biographical and orchestrational
information, all of which is integrated and interactive for the user.