orchil


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Related to orchil: orcein, archil

or·chil

 (ôr′kĭl, -chĭl) also ar·chil (är′-)
n.
1. Any of several lichens, chiefly of the genus Roccella, from which a dye is obtained.
2. The violet dyestuff obtained from any of these lichens.

[Middle English orchell, ultimately from Old Catalan orxella, from Andalusian dialectal Arabic 'urjālla, of Mozarabic origin, ultimately from Latin ōricilla, a little ear (probably from the resemblance of the lichens to growths on the fetlocks of mules, somewhat resembling little ears ), diminutive of auris, ear; see auricle.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

orchil

(ˈɔːkɪl; -tʃɪl) or

archil

n
1. (Plants) any of various lichens, esp any of the genera Roccella, Dendrographa, and Lecanora
2. (Dyeing) Also called: cudbear a purplish dye obtained by treating these lichens with aqueous ammonia: contains orcinol, orcein, and litmus
[C15: from Old French orcheil, of uncertain origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

or•chil

(ˈɔr kɪl, -tʃɪl)

n.
1. a violet-red dye obtained from certain lichens.
2. any lichen yielding this dye.
[1475–85; < Middle French orcheil, orseil (French orseille) < Catalan orxella, orcella < Mozarabic orchella]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.orchil - a purplish dye obtained from orchil lichensorchil - a purplish dye obtained from orchil lichens
dye, dyestuff - a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
2.orchil - any of various lecanoras that yield the dye archil
genus Lecanora - type genus of Lecanoraceae; crustaceous lichens
lecanora - any lichen of the genus Lecanora; some used in dyeing; some used for food
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leading prices: Store lambs - Crofthead (BTex) PS64.00; Low Craigton (Suff) PS70.00 and PS69.00; Daldorn (Suff) PS65.50; Kildalloig (Mule) PS67.50; Fullarton (Mule) PS65.00; Kildalloig (Mule) PS62.00; Old House of Orchil (Tex) PS68.50; Wester Coul (Tex) PS65.50; New Mains (Tex) PS65.50; Monzie (Chev) PS60.00 x2 PS PS55.00 x2; Drumhead (BF) PS56.00; Dullator (BF) PS55.50; 12 Pardovan Holding (BF) PS52.50.
Marsano et al., "A diagnostic study on folium and orchil dyes with non-invasive and microdestructive methods," Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol.
The cargo list also includes many textiles; one intact packing crate contains a beautiful red wool fabric which analysis reveals was dyed with a combination of cochineal, madder and lichen dye known as orchil.
BARRY Morgan will probably start as shortpriced favourite for the next J.B.Angling sweep on Orchil, after notching up his third win from four starts with a net of 87lb-plus.