Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to organum: Mass ordinary

or·ga·num 1

n. pl. or·ga·na (-nə) or or·ga·nums
Any of several types of medieval vocal polyphony, usually based on Gregorian chant.

[Medieval Latin, from Late Latin, church organ, from Latin, instrument; see organ.]

or·ga·num 2

n. pl. or·ga·nums
Variant of organon.


n, pl -na (-nə) or -nums
1. (Music, other) a form of polyphonic music originating in the ninth century, consisting of a plainsong melody with parts added at the fourth and fifth
2. (Logic) a variant of organon
[C17: via Latin from Greek; see organ]


(ˈɔr gə nəm)

n., pl. -na (-nə), -nums.
2. medieval polyphony in which a cantus firmus is accompanied by lines in parallel motion at the interval of a fourth, fifth, or octave above or below.
[1605–15; < Latin; see organ]
References in classic literature ?
He had published his great work called the Novum Organum or New Instrument in which he taught men a new way of wisdom.
The first of six volumes of the series Western Music in Context, this in-depth discussion of the development of early Western Music is arranged chronologically, from its pre-written origins in the Carolingian Empire and specific liturgical approaches, through its developments and increase in complexity in the 11th-12th centuries, with the organum, the effect of pilgrimage and the enormous impact of the Norman conquest and the origins of secular music; to the intersection of music and learning during the 13th century, and the academic study of music; to, finally the major changes in style, and the advent of the patron/musician system of the fourteenth century, and the influence of music on the court life of the time.
En consecuencia, el estudio y analisis que lleva a cabo el filosofo forma parte esencial de La gran restauracion, cuyo proyecto original era un libro dividido en seis partes: 1) Divisiones de las ciencias, 2) Novum organum o Directrices para la interpretacion de la naturaleza, 3) Fenomenos del universo o Historia natural y experimental para la fundacion de la filosofia, 4) Escalada del entendimiento, 5) Prodromos o anticipaciones de la filosofia segunda, 6) Filosofia segunda o ciencia activa.
For instance, in the essay on the Tertium Organum Rojo notes the importance of Ouspensky in "Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius.
The theoretical machinery in place, he then makes a tour through tonality's history, beginning with its first stirrings in 11th-century organum, passing through its classical heyday and romantic dissolution and concluding with its rejuvenation in the hands of 20th-century masters from Debussy to Bill Evans.
The word organum derives from organ, which scholars believe accompanied early chant.
They look at nature in Francis Bacon's Novum Organum (1620), gendering the jellyfish, an ecocritical reading of William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, Louise Gluck's 21st-century Persephone the Wanderer, the multiple genders of Orlando and nature in Virgina Woolf's Orlando, the politics of ambivalence in Annie Proulx' Brokeback Mountain, and other topics.
Cerqueira, "O que era o organum doado por Mumadona ao mosteiro de Guimaraes no seculo X", Didaskalia, 31, 2001, 141-148; tambem "O organum de Tona, Catalunha", Anuario musical: Revista de musicologia del CSIC, 58, 2003, 3-8 (a base em que se apoia e verosimil: nada menos que a designacao latina explicada em S.
Reid's recognition of the importance of Bacon's Novum Organum and its complementary relation to Newton's natural philosophy was influential in a movement of thought that would come to neglect Reid's contributions to its development.
Witte, who heads Emory University Law School's Law and Religion Program, frames his book around insights from the Novum Organum.
Written in plainsong, there were occasional moments when the choir sang in organum, parallel fourths which began the development of polyphony and has led to the music of composers like Stockhausen.