organum


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or·ga·num 1

 (ôr′gə-nəm)
n. pl. or·ga·na (-nə) or or·ga·nums
Any of several types of medieval vocal polyphony, usually based on Gregorian chant.

[Medieval Latin, from Late Latin, church organ, from Latin, instrument; see organ.]

or·ga·num 2

 (ôr′gə-nəm)
n. pl. or·ga·nums
Variant of organon.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

organum

(ˈɔːɡənəm)
n, pl -na (-nə) or -nums
1. (Music, other) a form of polyphonic music originating in the ninth century, consisting of a plainsong melody with parts added at the fourth and fifth
2. (Logic) a variant of organon
[C17: via Latin from Greek; see organ]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

or•ga•num

(ˈɔr gə nəm)

n., pl. -na (-nə), -nums.
2. medieval polyphony in which a cantus firmus is accompanied by lines in parallel motion at the interval of a fourth, fifth, or octave above or below.
[1605–15; < Latin; see organ]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He had published his great work called the Novum Organum or New Instrument in which he taught men a new way of wisdom.
However, the second part of the work, 'Novum Organum' (The New Method), written in Latin and published in 1620, is the most important.
The lamina terminalis contains the subfornical organ (SFO), the organum vasculosum laminae terminalis (OVLT), and the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO).
The first of six volumes of the series Western Music in Context, this in-depth discussion of the development of early Western Music is arranged chronologically, from its pre-written origins in the Carolingian Empire and specific liturgical approaches, through its developments and increase in complexity in the 11th-12th centuries, with the organum, the effect of pilgrimage and the enormous impact of the Norman conquest and the origins of secular music; to the intersection of music and learning during the 13th century, and the academic study of music; to, finally the major changes in style, and the advent of the patron/musician system of the fourteenth century, and the influence of music on the court life of the time.
Other essays discuss Borges's story "El otro," Einstein's 1908 formulations of the idea of space-time, the fourth dimension, dark matter, the nature of light, anti-matter, Fibonacci numbers, the physics of the Bible, and Ouspensky's Tertium Organum. Borges is a frequent referent throughout the book.
The theoretical machinery in place, he then makes a tour through tonality's history, beginning with its first stirrings in 11th-century organum, passing through its classical heyday and romantic dissolution and concluding with its rejuvenation in the hands of 20th-century masters from Debussy to Bill Evans.
Ciabattoni makes the following distinction in his reading of the Commedia: "the word organo, in the singular form, indicated vocal organum, while the plural organi was used to refer to the instrument, as in Purgatorio IX.
They look at nature in Francis Bacon's Novum Organum (1620), gendering the jellyfish, an ecocritical reading of William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, Louise Gluck's 21st-century Persephone the Wanderer, the multiple genders of Orlando and nature in Virgina Woolf's Orlando, the politics of ambivalence in Annie Proulx' Brokeback Mountain, and other topics.
Reid's recognition of the importance of Bacon's Novum Organum and its complementary relation to Newton's natural philosophy was influential in a movement of thought that would come to neglect Reid's contributions to its development.
Witte, who heads Emory University Law School's Law and Religion Program, frames his book around insights from the Novum Organum. Since Bacon was a keen legal mind in his own right, and father of the modern experimental method, he is an excellent guide to an assessment of the American experiment in religious rights and liberties.