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Related to orography: orographic


The study of the physical geography of mountains and mountain ranges.

or′o·graph′ic (ôr′ə-grăf′ĭk), or′o·graph′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
or′o·graph′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ɒˈrɒɡrəfɪ) or


(Physical Geography) the study or mapping of relief, esp of mountains
oˈrographer, oˈrologist n
orographic, ˌoroˈgraphical, orological adj
ˌoroˈgraphically, ˌoroˈlogically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɔˈrɒg rə fi, oʊˈrɒg-)

the branch of physical geography dealing with mountains. Also called o•rol•o•gy (ɔˈrɒl ə dʒi, oʊˈrɒl-)
or•o•graph•ic (ˌɔr əˈgræf ɪk, ˌɒr ə-) or`o•graph′i•cal, adj.
or`o•graph′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

orography, oreography

Physical Geography. the study of mountains and mountain systems. — orographic, oreographic, oreographical, orographical, adj.
See also: Mountains
the branch of physical geography that studies mountains and mountain systems. — orographic, orographical, adj.
See also: Geography
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The study of relief features such as mountains or the mapping of these.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.orography - the science of mountains
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ɒˈrɒgrəfɪ] norografia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
In the lunar orography they have discerned some chains of mountains, which are chiefly distributed over the northern hemisphere.
This can be explained by the richness and diversity of the medicinal flora of the Central Middle Atlas that is characterized by a particular geographical position, orography, edaphic structure and geological and climatic conditions.
(5) Orography (contour lines, height control points);
Its unique jungle orography and its ability to connect three States-Brazil, Peru and Ecuador--through the Putumayo Department have made different types of illegal activities possible.
Let us hope that SAARC scientists start working on mountain orography and climatology including the crucial relationship aspects of glaciology planning for optimal land use and human settlement given the bio diversity use of micro climate for off season organic farming to access global markets exploitation and conservation of the Himalayan herbal resources on a commercial scale to generate wealth and welfare for multi disciplinary research into the jugular veins of our ancient civilization namely the river systems and how to integrate them through sub-regional basin planning and watershed management and research on the Indian Ocean resources for the benefit of all South Asians.
Therefore, at the Polish tour, the riders' (physical and relational) characteristics were more important for explaining withdrawals than the orography of the stages.
In the specific case under study, the geographic location of the site (La Rioja, Spain) is characterized by a highly complex and diverse orography. Therefore, in order to obtain good results in the study of the soils of this region it is necessary to work with high resolutions in order to take into account all the constraints due to orography.
Physical methods use physical and meteorological information, including description of orography, roughness, obstacles, pressure, and temperature to model wind power and forecast its future values.
The system combined multicriteria analysis and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) with GIS technology and took into account environment, orography, location, and climate factors in the meantime.
According to the assessment problem considered in this paper, physical simulation is more powerful because the input of the physical models is physical or meteorology information, such as the description of orography, roughness, obstacle, atmospheric data, and more [28].
in relation with atmospheric pressure degree, at 2m or 10m heights above the ground) associated with topological data like obstacles, roughness and orography. The core idea of physical approaches is to estimate generation power of the wind turbine with outsourcing these obtained data up or down to exact height of the wind turbine hub and then, utilizing the manufacturer's power curve for the logarithmic power law or the specific wind turbine.