In cases where the polluter can't be found and the cost is deemed prohibited, the land is classed as an "orphan site
" and the council will foot the bill.
cleanups are paid for by available funding that differs from year to year.
The other, known as the "Orphan Site
" program, also uses the proceeds of state-backed bonds.
The company also asks to be relieved of its obligation to recycle tritium waste via Project Paragon but its nuclear waste store will stay there on the flood-plane of the Taff, possibly creating an "orphan site
" - a term used in the USA for toxic sites left behind by companies.
Some $50-million has been earmarked for orphan site
remediation, $200-million for technology development and demonstration.
The mine is one of many that is on the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality's "orphan site
" list, and state and federal agencies so far have spent less than $750,000 for sampling and cleanup.
The Oregon-controlled orphan site
account was dedicated to cleaning up polluted sites - mines, but also gas stations and toxic dumps - when the owners of the site were dead or either unwilling or unable to pay.
Army Corps of Engineers and Oregon's "orphan site
account," the state Department of Environmental Quality and Oregon State University have collaborated in a study of soil samples from the mine site.
The proposed cleanup depends on approval of about $100,000 in funding under the DEQ's Orphan Site
Program, which gets cleanups started when property owners are unable to pay.
For the "orphan sites
," however, the presence of the release of a contaminant needs to be verified at each site.