Among their topics are Persian language in Arabic script: the formation of the orthographic
standard and the different graphic traditions of Iran during the first centuries of the Islamic era, cross-palaeographic traditions: some examples from Old Christian Arabic sources, how to write Turkish: the vagaries of the Arabo-Persian script in Ottoman-Turkish texts, a collection of unstandardized consistencies: the use of Jawi script in a few early Malay manuscripts from the Moluccas, and beyond 'agami in Ethiopia: a short note on an Arabic-Islamic collection of texts written in Ethiopian script (fidal).
Furthermore, Farrington-Flint, Stash, and Stiller (2008) repeatedly tested three times in three months and found developmental shifts in 34 six-to-eight year-old's spelling strategies from phonological attempts to more consolidated orthographic
strategies and retrieval from memory; presumably due to the development of increasingly complex orthographic
representations (Critten, Connelly, Dockrell & Walter, 2014).
Given that the possible identities of the printers of the Folio and the Quarto had been "assigned speculatively over a hundred years ago" (25), Willingham meticulously revisits the typographical and orthographic
features of the two incunabula including letter types used, distinctive woodcut initials, borders, and illustrations that may shed light on the printing process and circumstances.
Deficits in phonological and orthographic
Section 1 grapples with theoretical and conceptual issues such as the efficacy of documentation strategies, the role of African languages in colonial contact situations, orthographic
concerns, and language documentation in multilingual settings.
The difference, minor as it might seem from the orthographic
point of view, should command all seriousness at the level of grammar.
In a masked priming experiment, with a prime duration of 50 ms., they found an orthographic
priming effect which was independent of whether the letter changed in its form or in the number and position of its diacritical marks with respect to the target.
Third and most seriously, Kloekhorst subscribes to the widespread fallacy that every non-random orthographic
pattern must inevitably represent a linguistically real contrast (p.
Early modern textuality is a culture of orthographic
variation, yet the scholarly disciplines have inconsistently heeded D.F.
advantage theory (Knight, Galletly & Gargett, 2017) considers that the nations' orthographic
complexity creates proliferating advantage (or disadvantage) at individual, school and national levels.
The perceived sizes were therefore compared with those produced by an orthographic