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Related to orthopteran: Siphonaptera, Dermaptera, Mantodea


Any of numerous insects of the order Orthoptera, having mouthparts that are adapted for chewing, usually two pairs of wings with thickened front wings and folded hind wings, and often enlarged hind legs. Orthopterans include the grasshoppers, crickets, and katydids.

[From New Latin Orthoptera, order name : Greek ortho-, ortho- + Greek ptera, neuter pl. of pteron, wing; see pet- in Indo-European roots.]

or·thop′ter·an, or·thop′ter·ous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -teranspl -tera (-tərə)
(Animals) Also: orthopteron any orthopterous insect
(Zoology) another word for orthopterous
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɔrˈθɒp tər ən)
an insect of the order Orthoptera, characterized by leathery forewings, membranous hind wings, and chewing mouthparts: includes the cockroaches, crickets, grasshoppers, and katydids.
[1895–1900; < New Latin orthopterus straight-winged (see ortho-, -pterous) + -an1]
or•thop′ter•ous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.orthopteran - any of various insects having leathery forewings and membranous hind wings and chewing mouthpartsorthopteran - any of various insects having leathery forewings and membranous hind wings and chewing mouthparts
insect - small air-breathing arthropod
order Orthoptera, Orthoptera - grasshoppers and locusts; crickets
grasshopper, hopper - terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping
cricket - leaping insect; male makes chirping noises by rubbing the forewings together
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
2000), yet, the knowledge of orthopteran diversity in this region is not completely understood, with some regions less surveyed than others (Tan et al.
An insect of particular interest to Lord is the nocturnal Campbell Island weta, Notoplectron campbellensis, belonging to the orthopteran family Rhaphidophoridae that includes the cave weta, an insect endemic to New Zealand.
As the bush cricket Metrioptera roeselii (Hagenbach, 1822) is characterized by wing dimorphism and a higher frequency of long-winged individuals in dry-hot environmental conditions, this orthopteran classifies as an ideal candidate for climate studies (Marshall and Haes, 1988; Gardiner, 2009).
Myrmecophilus (Orthoptera: Myrmecophilidae) is the only genus of orthopteran myrmecophilous insect [1].
Second combination was of fodder and wheat in MCZ supporting a number of Odonata, Coleoptera and Diptera, The wheat crop, wherever present, supported similar diversity of Orthopteran and Lepidopteran species.
Within these habitats, Alpine chicks probably prey mainly on orthopteran (Saltatoria) larvae and imagines (Ponce & Magnani 1988, Ponce 1992) whose phenology explains the peak of global arthropod biomass in early summer (our study), when most chicks hatch (Klaus et al.
Differences were due to the handling of orthopteran prey (Tukey HSD test).
The variation in composition, abundance, richness, diversity and dominance of the orthopteran communities was studied along an altitudinal gradient, between 2.000 and 3.000 m, in an Andean forest at "Santuario de Flora y Fauna Guanenta--Alto Rio Fonce" (Santander, Colombia), from January to October of 2004.
Many orthopteran insects and lepidopteran larvae exhibit genetic or cognitive-based responses to specific chemical cues associated with food plants and utilize these cues to make decisions concerning the amount of time to spend in a particular patch before switching to another location (Bernays 1993).
Particularly striking examples are the hind legs of orthopteran insects such as grasshopper, which have evolved into specialized jumping legs.