Oxygen consumption may not reflect higher osmoregulatory
costs directly, because rates in both populations seem to vary more with season and physiological condition than with salinity differences among localities (Tedengren & Kautsky 1986).
I propose construction of a synthetic cell in which an osmoregulatory
transporter and mechanosensitive channel form a minimal volume regulatory network.
Microbes adapt to osmotic stress by producing osmoregulatory
compounds (osmolytes) and modifying metabolic processes.
and haematological responses of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) to extended environmental acidification.
So under [beta]-adrenoceptor activation with adrenaline the relative membrane reserve activated by nucleus was the same compared to the control, and the nucleus was not involved in osmoregulatory
reactions within [beta]-adrenoceptor blockade conditions.
0 M NaCl, suggesting its role as a strong osmoregulatory
solute (Risk, et al.
When no further metabolic compensation occurs, the pH level will drop below the tolerated range and, as a result, the rates of enzymatic reactions, ionic and osmoregulatory
controls, and cell membrane structure will be affected.
Information on the anal plates or anal organs in other aquatic dipteran larvae is minimal, but several authors have indicated an osmoregulatory
or ion transport function based on specialized staining techniques, electron microscopy, and physiological studies (Stoffolano 1970; Schwantes 1989; Schwantes and Seibold 1989; Reeves 2008).
Though the seepage is not life-threatening, it is serious enough to lead to health complications such as impairment of the central nervous system, pulmonary and nephrotic (kidney) damage and impairment of osmoregulatory
function, according to the author of the study.
Moreover, hybrid Mozambique tilapia showed no mortality or signs of osmoregulatory
disturbance during a 28-day exposure at 25[degrees]C to salinities as high as 65.
A loss-of-function non-synonymous polymorphism in the osmoregulatory
TRPV4 gene is associated with human hyponatremia.
For example, xerophilic psittacine bird species such as the galah and the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) possess osmoregulatory
mechanisms that allow them to conserve water and to increase their plasma osmolality.