Transcriptomic analysis of candidate osmoregulatory
genes in the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica.
Adaptation to freshwater in the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum: comparative ontogeny of osmoregulatory
Camargo MMP, Fernandes MN, Martinez CBR (2009) How aluminum exposure promotes osmoregulatory
disturbances in the neotropical freshwater fish Prochilus lineatus.
This analysis focused on the osmoregulatory
mechanisms involving [Na.
Incubation humidity as an environmental stressor on the osmoregulatory
developmental program of the chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus.
As the life history of the Chinese sturgeon includes a transition from birth in freshwater to saltwater for maturity, juveniles concentrate in the Yangtze River estuary from May through September annually to develop osmoregulatory
capacity (He et al.
Compatible solutes play an osmoregulatory
function which accumulates in response to osmotic stress whereas some solutes such as trehalose do not respond to osmotic stress, but are protective even at low concentrations and may function as osmoprotectants (Slama et al.
According to Akinci & Losel (2009), reductions in the contents of soluble carbohydrates under water deficit conditions indicate the limited osmoregulatory
potential of the plants, and this probable reduction in the leaf contents of soluble carbohydrates is related to the consumption of these compounds to guarantee the survival of the species under adverse environmental conditions.
role of proline in water and salts stressed plants.
In fish, gills are the important osmoregulatory
and respiratory organs and cellular damage provoked by various metals may damage the respiratory surface area.
This demand diverts the amount of energy otherwise destined for growth to the osmoregulatory
mechanisms (SOENGAS et al.
Wood JM, Bremer E, Csonka LN, Kraemer R, Poolman B, van der Heide T, Smith LT (2001) Osmosensing and osmoregulatory
compatible solute accumulation by bacteria.