osmotic


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

os·mo·sis

 (ŏz-mō′sĭs, ŏs-)
n. pl. os·mo·ses (-sēz)
1.
a. Diffusion of fluid through a semipermeable membrane from a solution with a low solute concentration to a solution with a higher solute concentration until there is an equal solute concentration on both sides of the membrane.
b. The tendency of fluids to diffuse in such a manner.
2. A gradual, often unconscious process of assimilation or absorption: learned French by osmosis while residing in Paris for 15 years.

[From obsolete osmose, from earlier endosmose, from French : Greek endo-, endo- + Greek ōsmos, thrust, push (from ōthein, to push).]

os·mot′ic (-mŏt′ĭk) adj.
os·mot′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.osmotic - of or relating to osmosis; "osmotic pressure"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
osmotický

osmotic

[ɒzˈmɒtɪk] ADJosmótico
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

osmotic

adjosmotisch
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

osmotic

[ɒzˈmɒtɪk] adjosmotico/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

os·mot·ic

a. osmótico-a, rel. a la osmosis.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The topic of his Ph.D theses is 'Performance evaluation of membrane contractors for concentration of fruit juices through osmotic distillation'.
In the present paper we offer a more elegant model for the water retention curve, [theta](h), and outline two alternative ways to attenuate the differential water capacity for osmotic stress, along with a dimensionless sensitivity factor, to account for the differing tolerance of plants to saline conditions.
Hypernatremia is a potentially lethal condition, and can cause encephalopathy, rhabdomyolysis, and osmotic demyelination syndrome.
Osmotic dehydration as pre-treatment to drying has favored retention of color, flavor and aroma, in addition to reducing the processing time.
The treatments consisted of osmotic dehydration with sucrose solution at concentrations of 60% and 80% for two hours, followed by addition of one of the preserving ingredients: citric acid, ascorbic acid or pectin.
However, the main concern in using these waters even in hydroponic cultivation is the concentration of salts (Niu & Cabrera, 2010), because they can hinder plant development for reducing the osmotic potential of the solution, compromising water absorption and, consequently, modifying water consumption of crops (Paulus et al., 2012).
Osmotic laxatives soften your stools by increasing the amount of water in your bowels.
Effect of Hemodialysis on Plasma Osmotic Pressure and Blood Biochemical Parameters (Table 2).
applied the combination of high confining pressure and low osmotic pressure on the specimens and studied the physical and mechanical properties of the fractured limestone during the hydraulic coupling process [9].
Until now, no published studies have considered the influence of osmotic pressure on the migration properties of nanoparticles in a porous medium.
To improve the quality of vacuum-fried products, several pretreatments methods, such as blanching, predrying, osmotic pretreatment, coating, and freezing methods, have been applied to the frying of foods [8-12].
Therefore, the development of alternative, simple, and inexpensive methods to extend the conservation and marketing of these fruits is important, and osmotic dehydration is one of these methods.