osmotic shock


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osmotic shock

n.
The rupture of bacterial or other cells in a solution following a sudden increase in intracellular osmotic pressure. Osmotic shock is sometimes used to induce cell lysis for the purpose of releasing the contents of the cell.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We interpret this to mean that gradually decreasing salinity allows snails to adjust appropriately and triggers less osmotic shock than an abrupt change in salinity.
A proprietary matrix designed to maximize shelf stability, minimize osmotic shock on rehydration, protect against gastric acid exposure, and enhance metabolic activity in the small intestine.
Salinity was developed incrementally to avoid osmotic shock after two days of transplanting.
Plants were initially irrigated with distilled water for a period of 20 days, with gradual increase (EC increased every two days to achieve the highest value) to avoid osmotic shock on the transplanted plants.
This damage might have been magnified in combination with the osmotic shock suffered by the microorganisms during the electrospraying process.
According to the first method, osmotic shock, cell pellets were resuspended in sucrose/EDTA solution (20%).
This produces tissue damage by osmotic shock' and needle trauma, initiating the wound healing cascade.
It seems that osmotic shock resulted by mannitol, increases some growth regulator substances such as ethylene and abscisic acid.
Osmotic shock with hypertonic solution was used to lyse the cells within tissues [9].