ossifrage


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os·si·frage

 (ŏs′ə-frĭj, -frāj′)
n.
2. Archaic An osprey.

[Latin ossifraga, from ossifragus, bone-breaking : os, oss-, bone; see ost- in Indo-European roots + frangere, to break; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.]

ossifrage

(ˈɒsɪfrɪdʒ; -ˌfreɪdʒ)
n
(Animals) an archaic name for lammergeier, osprey1
[C17: from Latin ossifraga sea eagle; see osprey]

lam•mer•gei•er

or lam•mer•gey•er or lam•mer•geir

(ˈlæm ərˌgaɪ ər, -ˌgaɪər)

n.
a large, eaglelike Eurasian vulture, Gypaëtus barbatus, with a tuft of bristlelike feathers below the bill.
[1810–20; < German Lämmergeier=Lämmer, pl. of Lamm lamb + Geier vulture]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Holy Bible references other birds of prey which are similar to nshr / nshrim and aetoi / aetou, including: peres / phrs (lammergeier, bearded vulture, ossifrage), ozniyyah / oznie (eagle), die / dae / da'ah / diuth (black kite), ayet / aie / 'ayyah (falcon), raham / rchm / rchme (Egyptian vulture, Pharaoh's chicken), or ra'ah / rae (glede).
What of the ossifrage? The ossifrage was the Biblical name for the vulture, possibly a lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus), which was considered to be an unclean bird (Leviticus 11:13): "And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the osprey."
Although we have publicized the plight of unicorns and vultures and of hawks and leopards across the region, I confess we are still waiting for an ossifrage scientist to send an article!