osteoarthritis

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Related to osteoarthritic: osteoarthritis, arthrosis, osteoarthrosis
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osteoarthritis
top: normal joint
bottom: osteoarthritic joint

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

 (ŏs′tē-ō-är-thrī′tĭs)
n.
A chronic disease characterized by progressive degeneration of the cartilage of the joints, occurring mainly in older persons. Also called degenerative joint disease.

os′te·o·ar·thrit′ic (-thrĭt′ĭk) adj.

osteoarthritis

(ˌɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs) or

osteoarthrosis

n
(Pathology) chronic inflammation of the joints, esp those that bear weight, with pain and stiffness. Also called: degenerative joint disease
osteoarthritic adj, n

os•te•o•ar•thri•tis

(ˌɒs ti oʊ ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs)

n.
arthritis marked by chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints leading to pain, stiffness, and swelling. Also called degenerative joint disease.
[1875–80]

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

(ŏs′tē-ō-är-thrī′tĭs)
A form of arthritis that is characterized by wearing down of the cartilage of the joints.

osteoarthritis

Often referred to as degenerative joint disease, its specific cause is unknown. A current theory is that enzymes are released that break down cartilage in the joint. Cartilage repair is an ongoing process, but in those with osteoarthritis, more cartilage is broken down than is repaired.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.osteoarthritis - chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
arthritis - inflammation of a joint or joints
Translations
osteoartróza

osteoarthritis

[ˈɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs] Nosteoartritis f

osteoarthritis

nArthrose f

osteoarthritis

[ˌɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs] nosteoartrite f

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

[MIM*165720]
n. osteoartritis, hipertrofia degenerativa del hueso y de las articulaciones esp. en la vejez.

osteoarthritis

n artrosis f, osteoartritis f (Ang)
References in periodicals archive ?
A recent study found that 4000 mg of acetaminophen (APAP) daily gave favorable results when compared with both the analgesic (1200 mg) and antiinflammatory (2400 mg) daily doses of ibuprofen in osteoarthritic knee pain.
A partial knee replacement is surgery that may replace the osteoarthritic portion of the inside (medial) and/or outside (lateral) compartment of the knee with an implant prosthesis.
The take-home message for physicians is that the cartilage loss is very small in osteoarthritic knees without JSN.
The decrease of systemic inflammatory markers, particularly CRP, suggests Pycnogenol(r) properties may be potent enough to arrest the spread of inflammation from osteoarthritic joints to the whole organisms" said Dr.
MAKOplasty is restorative procedure used to treat early to mid-stage osteoarthritic knee disease.
A sampling of topics: force-mediated dissociation of proteoglycan aggregate in articular cartilage, chondrocyte gene expression under applied surface motion, subchondral bone and ligament changes precede cartilage degradation in guinea pig osteoarthritis, increased apoptosis in rat osteoarthritic cartilage corresponds to degenerative chondral lesions and concomitant expression of caspase-3, mesenchymal progenitor cells in adult human articular cartilage, acoustic properties of articular cartilage under mechanical stress, and bi- zonal cartilaginous tissues engineered in a rotary cell culture system.
A new study has shown that InterHealth Nutraceuticals' UC-II, an undenatured or intact form of type II collagen found in the cartilage of bone joints, is more than twice as effective in decreasing pain in osteoarthritic dogs than glucosamine and chondroitin alone.
Osteosclerosis of the subchondral bone was measured by densitometer on plain radiographs in 55 medial compartmental osteoarthritic knees of 40 patients who were treated with high tibial valgus osteotomy for correction of varus deformity.
In osteoarthritic joints the synovial fluid loses its capacity to lubricate and absorb shock.
The tests were performed following surgical trauma to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) to induce osteoarthritic changes in the knee in two study groups, with one of these groups subsequently receiving ESWT treatment of the subchondral bone.
Results of a separate Nexvet study using NV-01 in the treatment of pain in osteoarthritic dogs have been published in the peer-reviewed journal American Journal of Veterinary Research.
Sessions in the current trial included a warm-up, review of technique, and practice of the meditative movements, some of which were modified for the osteoarthritic cohort by incorporating chairs or other accommodations.