osteoarthritis

(redirected from osteoarthrosis)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
click for a larger image
osteoarthritis
top: normal joint
bottom: osteoarthritic joint

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

 (ŏs′tē-ō-är-thrī′tĭs)
n.
A chronic disease characterized by progressive degeneration of the cartilage of the joints, occurring mainly in older persons. Also called degenerative joint disease.

os′te·o·ar·thrit′ic (-thrĭt′ĭk) adj.

osteoarthritis

(ˌɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs) or

osteoarthrosis

n
(Pathology) chronic inflammation of the joints, esp those that bear weight, with pain and stiffness. Also called: degenerative joint disease
osteoarthritic adj, n

os•te•o•ar•thri•tis

(ˌɒs ti oʊ ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs)

n.
arthritis marked by chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints leading to pain, stiffness, and swelling. Also called degenerative joint disease.
[1875–80]

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

(ŏs′tē-ō-är-thrī′tĭs)
A form of arthritis that is characterized by wearing down of the cartilage of the joints.

osteoarthritis

Often referred to as degenerative joint disease, its specific cause is unknown. A current theory is that enzymes are released that break down cartilage in the joint. Cartilage repair is an ongoing process, but in those with osteoarthritis, more cartilage is broken down than is repaired.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.osteoarthritis - chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
arthritis - inflammation of a joint or joints
Translations
osteoartróza

osteoarthritis

[ˈɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs] Nosteoartritis f

osteoarthritis

nArthrose f

osteoarthritis

[ˌɒstɪəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs] nosteoartrite f

os·te·o·ar·thri·tis

[MIM*165720]
n. osteoartritis, hipertrofia degenerativa del hueso y de las articulaciones esp. en la vejez.

osteoarthritis

n artrosis f, osteoartritis f (Ang)
References in periodicals archive ?
spondyloptosis) Etiologic (Wiltse (3)) classification * Type 1: Dysplastic Congenital defect of the neural arch * Type 2: Isthmic Pars interarticularis defect (3 subtypes) a) Stress (fatigue) fracture (most common type, present in this case) b) Elongated pars c) Acute pars fracture * Type 3: Degenerative Facet joint osteoarthrosis * Type 4: Traumatic Acute fracture of the vertebral arch other than the pars * Type 5: Pathological Insufficiency fracture as a result of bone weakening diseases * Type 6: Iatrogenic Fracture secondary to spinal surgery such as laminectomy Table 2.
Are internal derangement and osteoarthrosis linked to changes in clinical outcome measure of arthrocentesis of the temporomandibular joint?
Radiographic images of the limb revealed progressive, marked periarticular osteophytosis along the proximal right tibiotarsus and femur, indicating severe osteoarthrosis of the stifle joint (Fig 4a and b).
Although it is reasonable to assume that achieving stability can prevent cartilage damage, there is still no evidence that structure reconstruction affects prevention of osteoarthrosis.
They identified several findings significantly associated with symptoms, including disc space narrowing, spondylolisthesis, spondylosis, and osteophytes, while finding no significant association for endplate sclerosis and facet osteoarthrosis.
The dominant primary medical diagnosis was osteoarthrosis, localized, not specified (ICD-9-CM Code, 71535) (n=224, 88.
For example, osteoarthritis, which is really osteoarthrosis, since no true inflammation ("-itis") is involved, may be related to reduced microcirculation to the associated joint and cartilage tissue.
Bone marrow edema in the knee in osteoarthrosis and association with total knee arthroplasty within a three-year follow-up.