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n. pl. os·te·ol·o·gies
1. The branch of anatomy that deals with the structure and function of bones.
2. The bone structure or system of an animal.

os′te·o·log′i·cal (-ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
os′te·o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
os′te·ol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


Specialist in the structure and diseases of the bones.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.osteologist - an anatomist who is skilled is osteology
anatomist - an expert in anatomy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
As a consciously 'splendid woman,' accustomed to overhear herself so denominated by elderly osteologists pursuing their studies in dinner society, Mrs Podsnap could dispense with her daughter.
An osteologist working in archaeology, she often sees human skeletal remains from the Viking Age, and interprets material from excavations during the 20th century.
In 2016, Anna Kjellstrom, an osteologist at Stockholm University, determined the warrior was female based on the features of the skeleton in the grave, like thinner cheekbones and 'typically feminine' hips, reports The Local.
Sherine Ahmed Shawqi, is an osteologist and one of the mission's members who studied the mummies' bones, stated that studies indicate that the woman was in her fiftieswhen she died, and during her life she suffered from bacterial diseases in her bones as well as severe cavities that led to jaw distortion.
Mr Jones said: "These remains were sent to an osteologist for further study and it was revealed that the Nefyn skeleton was that of a woman in her 60s, and that she was in relatively good health before she died, although the bones did exhibit some signs of arthritis.
CT and micro-imaging scans were used to analyse the 500-year-old bones and osteologist Dr Jo Appleby said wounds "were probably inflicted by a sword or the top spike of a bill or halberd".
The osteologist's report, however, suggests caution with the latter conclusion: the mentioned area unquestionably yielded bones of an adult female, including bones that were absent in cist III, but the bones did not allow an age-atdeath estimation (it was only possible to definitively say that they had belonged to a female who had given birth).
Last week the Abbey called in an osteologist from York University to study the bones with a view to shedding some light on who they were.
Katie Tucker, an osteologist and archaeologist from the University of Winchester, will be leading the analysis.